Study Guide Section 3

3-24-1. The first modern conservatory of music was founded in __________.
a. London
b. Paris
c. Vienna
d. Berlin
e. New York
b. Paris

3-24-2. Beethoven’s first music teacher was __________.
a. his father
b. Haydn (first teacher in Vienna)
c. Mozart
d. Albrechtsberger
e. J. C. Bach
a. his father

3-24-3. Of the following, which was not a way that Beethoven earned a living during his first creative period?
a. performing on the piano
b. publishing piano music
c. teaching piano lessons
d. taking opera commissions
e. receiving money and accommodations from patrons
d. taking opera commissions

3-24-4. Which of the following belongs to Beethoven’s first creative period?
a. Fidelio
b. Pathétique Sonata
c. Pastoral Symphony
d. Emperor Concerto
e. Missa solemnis
b. Pathétique Sonata

3-24-5. Of the following, which does not describe Beethoven’s first string quartets?
a. They break away completely from the models of Haydn and Mozart.
b. They show Beethoven’s individual personality.
c. Stark juxtapositions of opposing emotions can be heard.
d. They call upon and subvert classical traditions.
e. The slow movement of No. 1 recalls the vault scene of Romeo and Juliet.
a. They break away completely from the models of Haydn and Mozart.

3-24-6. The slow movement of the Eroica Symphony __________.
a. is in sonata form
b. is a variation structure
c. recalls funeral marches from revolutionary France
d. evokes a pastoral scene by a brook
e. uses an expanded orchestra
c. recalls funeral marches from revolutionary France

3-24-7. Which of the following can be said of Beethoven’s Fidelio?
a. It is a comic opera.
b. It glorifies the heroism of a woman.
c. It presents a pacifist plot.
d. The original production was an immediate success.
e. It was composed effortlessly.
b. It glorifies the heroism of a woman.

3-24-8. A single-movement work for string quartet from Beethoven’s late period.
a. An die ferne Geliebte
b. the Pastoral
c. the Eroica
d. the Grosse Fuge
e. the Emperor
d. the Grosse Fuge

3-24-9. A song cycle from Beethoven’s late period.
a. An die ferne Geliebte
b. the Pastoral
c. the Eroica
d. the Grosse Fuge
e. the Emperor
a. An die ferne Geliebte

3-24-10. The nickname for Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 5
a. An die ferne Geliebte
b. the Pastoral
c. the Eroica
d. the Grosse Fuge
e. the Emperor
e. the Emperor

3-24-11. The nickname for Beethoven’s Symphony No. 6.
a. An die ferne Geliebte
b. the Pastoral
c. the Eroica
d. the Grosse Fuge
e. the Emperor
b. the Pastoral

3-24-12. The nickname for Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3.
a. An die ferne Geliebte
b. the Pastoral
c. the Eroica
d. the Grosse Fuge
e. the Emperor
c. the Eroica

3-24-13. When Beethoven realized that he was going deaf, he wrote __________.
a. his last symphony
b. the Heiligenstadt Testament
c. a suicide note
d. his autobiography
e. a string quartet
b. the Heiligenstadt Testament

3-24-14. Of the following, which is not a characteristic of Beethoven’s late period?
a. fondness for variation form
b. unconventional number of movements in works
c. contemplative quality
d. imitation of Haydn’s more whimsical works
e. fondness for fugues
d. imitation of Haydn’s more whimsical works

3-24-15. Beethoven intended the Missa solemnis to be performed when this man became archbishop.
a. Napoleon
b. Rudolph
c. Lichnowsky
d. Schiller
e. Razumovsky
b. Rudolph

3-24-16. He wrote the words to Ode to Joy.
a. Napoleon
b. Rudolph
c. Lichnowsky
d. Schiller
e. Razumovsky
d. Schiller

3-24-17. He was a patron who allowed Beethoven to live in one of his houses.
a. Napoleon
b. Rudolph
c. Lichnowsky
d. Schiller
e. Razumovsky
c. Lichnowsky

3-24-18. Beethoven dedicated his Opus 59 string quartets to him.
a. Napoleon
b. Rudolph
c. Lichnowsky
d. Schiller
e. Razumovsky
e. Razumovsky

3-24-19. Which composer’s works served as models for Beethoven’s Missa solemnis?
a. Mozart
b. J. S. Bach
c. Handel
d. Haydn
e. Palestrina
c. Handel

3-24-20. Of the following, which is unusual about the Ninth Symphony?
a. the use of chorus
b. the use of a variation structure
c. the way movements are played without a break
d. the four-movement structure
e. a lively scherzo movement
a. the use of chorus

3-25-1. Of the following, which is not a theme of Romanticism?
a. the supernatural
b. nationalism
c. individualism
d. objective beauty
e. insatiable longing
d. objective beauty

3-25-2. Schubert favored which form(s) in setting his lieder?
a. strophic and modified strophic
b. through-composed
c. ballade form borrowed from medieval music
d. da capo
e. ternary form
a. strophic and modified strophic

3-25-3. The piano parts of Schubert’s lieder are notable for their ___________.
a. pictorial and dramatic roles
b. restraint and subservient roles
c. extremely chromatic harmonies set against diatonic vocal melodies
d. virtuosic demands on the pianist
e. octave doublings of the voice
a. pictorial and dramatic roles

3-25-4. Dichterliebe is ___________.
a. a song cycle by Schubert
b. a song cycle by Schumann
c. a set of miniatures for piano solo by Schumann
d. a set of piano pieces by Mendelssohn
e. an operatic paraphrase by Liszt
b. a song cycle by Schumann

3-25-5. Winterreise is based on poems by ___________.
a. Goethe
b. Heine
c. Schiller
d. Müller
e. T. A. Hoffmann
d. Müller

3-25-6. Robert Schumann wrote ___________.
a. poems for his own and others’ Lieder
b. essays and reviews about music
c. treatises on piano technique
d. a book on orchestration
e. librettos for operas
b. essays and reviews about music

3-25-7. Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s masterpiece is ___________.
a. Papillons
b. Das Jahr
c. six songs of Opus 1
d. Sonata in G Minor
e. Carnaval
b. Das Jahr

3-25-8. A group of lieder designed to be performed as a set is called a ___________.
a. Wiegenlied
b. Liedersprache
c. song cycle
d. ballad
e. Schwanengesang
c. song cycle

3-25-9. Gradus ad Parnassum is a set of études composed by ___________.
a. Franz Schubert
b. Robert Schumann
c. Franz Liszt
d. Muzio Clementi
e. John Field
d. Muzio Clementi

3-25-10. Of the following, which was the major piano genre for Schubert?
a. sonatas
b. mazurkas
c. preludes
d. études
e. transcriptions
a. sonatas

3-25-11. Lieder ohne Worte were composed by ___________.
a. Schubert
b. Schumann
c. Chopin
d. Liszt
e. Mendelssohn
e. Mendelssohn

3-25-12. Chopin composed piano works inspired by the folk music of which country?
a. France
b. Germany
c. Austria
d. Poland
e. Hungary
d. Poland

3-25-13. Which of the following genres did not find a place in Chopin’s output?
a. polonaise
b. mazurka
c. étude
d. nocturne
e. Lieder ohne Wörte
e. Lieder ohne Wörte

3-25-14. The dazzling violin virtuoso who influenced Liszt was ___________.
a. Vivaldi
b. Paganini
c. Viotti
d. Field
e. Pope
b. Paganini

3-25-15. Of the following, which would be the subject of a ballad?
a. romantic adventures and supernatural incidents
b. symbolic fairy tales
c. tragic love affairs
d. the conflict between good and evil
e. stories from antiquity
a. romantic adventures and supernatural incidents

3-25-16. Which of the following is a major collection of piano pieces by Robert Schumann?
a. Das Jahr
b. Annés de pélerinage
c. Gradus ad Parnassum
d. Carnaval
e. Preludes
d. Carnaval

3-25-17. Who were Florestan, Eusebius, and Raro?
a. Robert and Clara Schumann’s three oldest children
b. characters in a play for which Mendelssohn composed incidental music
c. fictitious characters who represented aspects of Schumann’s personality
d. operatic singers who also excelled in the performance of Lieder
e. titles of character pieces by Gottschalk
c. fictitious characters who represented aspects of Schumann’s personality

3-25-18. Chopin was influenced by the nocturnes of ___________.
a. Schubert
b. Field
c. Clementi
d. Liszt
e. Paganini
b. Field

3-25-19. The first American composer with an international reputation was ___________.
a. Stephen Foster
b. Henry R. Bishop
c. James P. Clarke
d. John Field
e. Louis Moreau Gottschalk
a. Stephen Foster

3-25-20. Who created and first used the term recital?
a. Paganini
b. Chopin
c. Liszt
d. Schumann
e. Field
c. Liszt

3-26-1. What did Berlioz call the recurring theme used in his Symphonie fantastique?
a. idée fixe
b. Dies irae
c. Lelio
d. Childe Harold
e. cantus firmus
a. idée fixe

3-26-2. Symphony by Berlioz
a. Unfinished Symphony
b. Scottish Symphony
c. Spring Symphony
d. Pastoral Symphony
e. Harold en Italie
e. Harold en Italie

3-26-3. Symphony by Schubert
a. Unfinished Symphony
b. Scottish Symphony
c. Spring Symphony
d. Pastoral Symphony
e. Harold en Italie
a. Unfinished Symphony

3-26-4. Symphony by Schumann
a. Unfinished Symphony
b. Scottish Symphony
c. Spring Symphony
d. Pastoral Symphony
e. Harold en Italie
c. Spring Symphony

3-26-5. Symphony by Mendelssohn
a. Unfinished Symphony
b. Scottish Symphony
c. Spring Symphony
d. Pastoral Symphony
e. Harold en Italie
b. Scottish Symphony

3-26-6. Which composer used themes from his own Lieder in his chamber music?
a. Robert Schumann
b. Mendelssohn
c. Chopin
d. Clara Schumann
e. Schubert
e. Schubert

3-26-7. The Cecilian movement was __________.
a. a cult that worshipped St. Cecilia with special music
b. a movement that advocated the return to a cappella performances
c. a group of composers who followed the aesthetic principles of Cecil of Hungary
d. a movement within the Anglican Church to purge all Catholic elements from its music
d. a movement that promoted large choral festivals
b. a movement that advocated the return to a cappella performances

3-26-8. What was not a trend in the early nineteenth century?
a. The number of public concerts increased.
b. A Classic repertoire was developed.
c. Composers and audiences became more aware of historical styles.
d. Choirs were increasingly made up of professional singers only.
e. Chamber music was increasingly performed as concert music.
d. Choirs were increasingly made up of professional singers only.

3-26-9. Of the following, which is a characteristic of nineteenth-century orchestras?
a. The size of the orchestra remained consistent.
b. Women musicians began playing in most professional orchestras.
c. Changes to wind instruments gave them wider ranges and greater facility.
d. Music was predominantly conducted by the leader of the violins.
e. Strings continued to dominate the orchestrations.
c. Changes to wind instruments gave them wider ranges and greater facility.

3-26-10. Which work did Robert Schumann praise for its “heavenly length”?
a. Great Symphony
b. Symphonie fantastique
c. Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9
d. Italian Symphony
e. Unfinished Symphony
a. Great Symphony

3-26-11. Treatise on Instrumentation and Orchestration was written by __________.
a. Robert Schumann
b. Schubert
c. Mendelssohn
d. Berlioz
e. Louis Jullien
d. Berlioz

3-26-12. Which of the following does not describe the Violin Concerto by Mendelssohn?
a. The cadenza in the first movement is placed just prior to the recapitulation.
b. The first movement begins with a lengthy ritornello.
c. The three movements are connected together.
d. Mendelssohn balances virtuosity and musical content.
e. The slow movement appears as a romance for violin and orchestra.
b. The first movement begins with a lengthy ritornello.

3-26-13. Schubert’s quintet, the late chamber-music masterpiece, is composed for string quartet and
what additional instrument?
a. viola
b. clarinet
c. piano
d. string bass
e. cello
e. cello

3-26-14. A massive choral work by Berlioz
a. Elijah
b. Te Deum
c. Stabat Mater
d. The Sacred Harp
e. Mass in A-flat
b. Te Deum

3-26-15. A collection of spiritual songs in shape-note notation
a. Elijah
b. Te Deum
c. Stabat Mater
d. The Sacred Harp
e. Mass in A-flat
d. The Sacred Harp

3-26-16. An oratorio by Mendelssohn
a. Elijah
b. Te Deum
c. Stabat Mater
d. The Sacred Harp
e. Mass in A-flat
a. Elijah

3-26-17. One of Schubert’s choral masterworks
a. Elijah
b. Te Deum
c. Stabat Mater
d. The Sacred Harp
e. Mass in A-flat
e. Mass in A-flat

3-26-18. A sacred work, with operatic elements, by Rossini
a. Elijah
b. Te Deum
c. Stabat Mater
d. The Sacred Harp
e. Mass in A-flat
c. Stabat Mater

3-26-19. Of the following, which is not a contribution of Lowell Mason to American music?
a. He introduced music into the public school curriculum.
b. He was president of the Handel and Haydn Society
c. He championed the work of Yankee tunesmiths and shape-note singers.
d. He helped found the Boston Academy of Music.
e. He composed over one thousand hymn tunes.
c. He championed the work of Yankee tunesmiths and shape-note singers.

3-26-20. Who published a hymnbook designed for an all-black congregation?
a. Reverend Richard Allen
b. Samuel Sebastian Wesley
c. Patrick S. Gilmore
d. Elizabeth Stirling
e. Carl Friedrich Zelter
a. Reverend Richard Allen

3-27-1. A fast, brilliant, concluding section in an Italian operatic is called a ___________.
a. cavatina
b. cantabile
c. cabaletta
d. casta diva
e. canto bravo
c. cabaletta

3-27-2. The most famous and important opera composer in Europe around 1825 was __________.
a. Rossini
b. Bellini
c. Beethoven
d. Spontini
e. Bellini
a. Rossini

3-27-3. Which city was the center of opera in the early nineteenth century?
a. Venice
b. Dresden
c. London
d. Prague
e. Paris
e. Paris

3-27-4. The typical scene structure of a Rossini opera is __________.
a. dry recitative plus a da capo aria
b. introduction-recitative-cantabile-cabaletta
c. recitative-aria-ensemble-chorus
d. introduction-aria-cadenza
e. through-composed
b. introduction-recitative-cantabile-cabaletta

3-27-5. Of the following, which describes the aria style of Rossini?
a. spare use of the orchestra
b. thick orchestration that obscures the vocal line
c. endless melodic lines
d. a dominant orchestra that portrays the inner drama with recurring motives
e. richly chromatic harmonies
a. spare use of the orchestra

3-27-6. The main composers of Italian opera in the beginning of the nineteenth century were _________.
a. Rossini, Bellini, Verdi
b. Rossini, Donizetti, Meyerbeer
c. Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti
d. Bellini, Donizetti, Meyerbeer
e. Bellini, Meyerbeer, Weber
c. Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti

3-27-7. This composer created German Romantic opera.
a. Rossini
b. Meyerbeer
c. Weber
d. Donizetti
e. Bellini
c. Weber

3-27-8. He composed Guillaume Tell.
a. Rossini
b. Meyerbeer
c. Weber
d. Donizetti
e. Bellini
a. Rossini

3-27-9. He composed Norma.
a. Rossini
b. Meyerbeer
c. Weber
d. Donizetti
e. Bellini
e. Bellini

3-27-10. He composed Les Huguenots.
a. Rossini
b. Meyerbeer
c. Weber
d. Donizetti
e. Bellini
b. Meyerbeer

3-27-11. He composed Lucia di Lammermoor.
a. Rossini
b. Meyerbeer
c. Weber
d. Donizetti
e. Bellini
d. Donizetti

3-27-12. Who was the principal librettist for grand opera?
a. Romani
b. Metastasio
c. Scribe
d. Berlioz
e. Wagner
c. Scribe

3-27-13. Of the following, which does not characterize grand opera?
a. chorus
b. machinery
c. ballet
d. large cast
e. three acts
e. three acts

3-27-14. Which opera contains the “Wolf’s Glen” scene?
a. Lucia di Lammermoor
b. Norma
c. Les Huguenots
d. Der Freischütz
e. Barber of Seville
d. Der Freischütz

3-27-15. Which opera contains a famous “mad scene”?
a. Lucia di Lammermoor
b. Norma
c. Les Huguenots
d. Der Freischütz
e. Barber of Seville
a. Lucia di Lammermoor

3-27-16. Who composed the Romantic ballet Giselle?
a. Taglione
b. Berlioz
c. Meyerbeer
d. Adam
e. Tchaikovsky
d. Adam

3-27-17. Of the following, which is a characteristic of German Romantic opera?
a. characters acting as representatives of superhuman forces
b. stories based on recent history
c. predominance of virtuosic singing
d. standard urban settings
e. large role for ballet
a. characters acting as representatives of superhuman forces

3-27-18. Operas of which nationality were particularly popular in New Orleans in the mid-nineteenth century?
a. American
b. Italian
c. English
d. French
e. Creole
d. French

3-27-19. Of the following, which describes the American operatic scene in the nineteenth century?
a. Opera first began as an elitist entertainment.
b. American composers were greatly encouraged to write operas.
c. Operatic excerpts became the popular music of the time.
d. Most cities preferred opera to be performed in their original language.
e. Opera did not reach the West Coast until the twentieth century.
c. Operatic excerpts became the popular music of the time.

3-27-20. Of the following, which does not describe American minstrel shows?
a. They featured white performers who impersonated African Americans.
b. They were vehicles for candid social commentary.
c. They had little influence outside of America.
d. They featured many new songs.
e. They would seem offensive to many by today’s standards.
c. They had little influence outside of America.

3-28-1. Jacques Offenbach is associated most closely with which type of opera?
a. grand opera
b. lyric opera
c. opéra bouffe
d. opera buffa
e. Romantic opera
d. opera buffa

3-28-2. Gounod’s Faust is which type of opera?
a. grand opera
b. lyric opera
c. opéra bouffe
d. opera buffa
e. Romantic opera
b. lyric opera

3-28-3. Bizet’s most famous opera was ____________.
a. Carmen
b. Mignon
c. Benvenuto Cellini
d. Thaïs
e. Manon
a. Carmen

3-28-4. Verdi’s first great success was ____________.
a. La traviata
b. Otello
c. Rigoletto
d. Nabucco
e. Aida
d. Nabucco

3-28-5. Of the following, which is not a characteristic of Verdi’s late operas?
a. reminiscence motives
b. continuous flow of music and action
c. plots adapted from plays by Shakespeare
d. spoken dialogue for the most intense scenes
e. librettos created by Boito
d. spoken dialogue for the most intense scenes

3-28-6. “Viva Verdi” was ____________.
a. a cheer shouted by the audience after the overtures were played
b. a nationalistic cry referring to the king of Italy
c. a chorus used at the end of an opera by Bellini
d. campaign slogan for Verdi’s political ambitions
e. the cheer that greeted Verdi when he visited Paris
b. a nationalistic cry referring to the king of Italy

3-28-7. Wagner’s term for the union of all the arts in a drama is ____________.
a. Gesamtkunstwerk
b. Bayreuth
c. melodrama
d. leitmotiv
e. ewigemelodie
a. Gesamtkunstwerk

3-28-8. Of the following, which characterizes the librettos of Wagner’s operas?
a. They were modeled after the grand opera librettos of Scribe.
b. They were created by Wagner.
c. They were generally drawn from recent European history.
d. They were based on popular stageplays at the time.
e. They distinguish between recitatives and arias.
b. They were created by Wagner.

3-28-9. Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde was influential because ____________.
a. it used ambiguous harmony that stretched the limits of tonality
b. it was deeply anti-Semitic and inspired other anti-Semitic operas
c. it was the first true opera in the German language
d. it relegated the orchestra to a complete subordinate role
e. it incorporated magical characteristics
a. it used ambiguous harmony that stretched the limits of tonality

3-28-10. Der Ring des Nibelungen is ____________.
a. the circular theater that Wagner had built for his music dramas
b. an opera by Weber
c. a romantic opera by Wagner
d. a set of stories by Tolkien
e. a cycle of four music dramas by Wagner
e. a cycle of four music dramas by Wagner

3-28-11. The Mighty Handful were ____________.
a. five Russian composers who studied folk music and exotic scales
b. five great Russian operas that inspired composers in other nations to use national folk epics for their operas
c. five students of César Franck who became important composers in France
d. five tenors who traveled around Russia singing folk music
e. the five principal centers of opera in Europe
a. five Russian composers who studied folk music and exotic scales

3-28-12. Of the following, which describes Musorgsky’s approach to harmony?
a. He was inspired by Wagner to use functional harmony with chromatic passages.
b. He was influenced by Tchaikovsky to use conventional harmony.
c. He used nonfunctional harmony influenced by polyphonic folk singing.
d. He developed a totally chromatic system.
e. He developed a unique harmonic system based on pentatonic and whole-tone scales.
c. He used nonfunctional harmony influenced by polyphonic folk singing.

3-28-13. Of the following operas, which is not by Puccini?
a. Tosca
b. Manon Lescaut
c. La bohème
d. I Pagliacci
e. Madama Butterfly
d. I Pagliacci

3-28-14. Verismo is associated with the operas of which country?
a. Italy
b. France
c. Germany
d. Spain
e. Brazil
a. Italy

3-28-15. Of the following, who was the leading ballet composer in nineteenth-century France?
a. Gounod
b. Saint-Saëns
c. Franck
d. Massenet
e. Delibes
e. Delibes

3-28-16. The Bartered Bride is perhaps this country’s best-known opera.
a. England
b. Brazil
c. Bohemia
d. United States
e. Spain
c. Bohemia

3-28-17. This country developed an entertainment form called vaudeville.
a. England
b. Brazil
c. Bohemia
d. United States
e. Spain
d. United States

3-28-18. Felipe Pedrell sparked a national revival in this country with his opera Los Pirineos.
a. England
b. Brazil
c. Bohemia
d. United States
e. Spain
e. Spain

3-28-19. Gilbert and Sullivan were natives of this country.
a. England
b. Brazil
c. Bohemia
d. United States
e. Spain
a. England

3-28-20. Antonio Carlos Gomes, who became internationally recognized for his opera Il Guarany, was originally from this country.
a. England
b. Brazil
c. Bohemia
d. United States
e. Spain
b. Brazil

3-29-1. According to the text, what is the most important fact about music in the late nineteenth century?
a. the creation of the solo recital
b. the growth in the size of orchestras
c. the emergence of the orchestra conductor
d. the creation of a new scholarly field, musicology
e. the establishment of a permanent classical repertory
e. the establishment of a permanent classical repertory

3-29-2. Which composer was known as the “Waltz King?”
a. Brahms
b. Liszt
c. Richard Strauss
d. Johann Strauss the younger
e. Tchaikovsky
d. Johann Strauss the younger

3-29-3. Of the following, which describes the symphonies of Brahms?
a. They were composed quickly.
b. They incorporate elements of Renaissance and Baroque music.
c. They expand the standard size of the orchestra.
d. They use five or more movements.
e. Each is based on a literary program.
b. They incorporate elements of Renaissance and Baroque music.

3-29-4. How many symphonies did Brahms compose?
a. four
b. five
c. six
d. nine
e. eleven
a. four

3-29-5. Brahms’s Symphony No. 1 is primarily indebted to the music of ____________.
a. Wagner
b. Liszt
c. Schumann
d. Schubert
e. Beethoven
e. Beethoven

3-29-6. What older form does Brahms use in the finale of his Symphony No. 4?
a. pavane and galliard
b. passacaglia/chaconne
c. prelude and fugue
d. French overture
e. toccata
b. passacaglia/chaconne

3-29-7. Which type of piano music was not composed by Brahms?
a. intermezzos
b. sonatas
c. études
d. variations
e. rhapsodies
c. études

3-29-8. An orchestral work in one movement with a literary or other program is called ____________.
a. a program symphony
b. a cyclic symphony
c. a symphonic poem
d. a sinfonia
e. an overture
c. a symphonic poem

3-29-9. Of the following, who would not be considered a member of the New German School?
a. Wagner
b. Richard Strauss
c. Bruckner
d. Brahms
e. Liszt
d. Brahms

3-29-10. This was composed by Bruckner.
a. Faust Symphony
b. Don Juan
c. Romantic Symphony
d. Ein deutsches Requiem
e. Möricke Songbook
c. Romantic Symphony

3-29-11. This was composed by Richard Strauss.
a. Faust Symphony
b. Don Juan
c. Romantic Symphony
d. Ein deutsches Requiem
e. Möricke Songbook
b. Don Juan

3-29-12. This was composed by Wolf.
a. Faust Symphony
b. Don Juan
c. Romantic Symphony
d. Ein deutsches Requiem
e. Möricke Songbook
e. Möricke Songbook

3-29-13. This was composed by Liszt.
a. Faust Symphony
b. Don Juan
c. Romantic Symphony
d. Ein deutsches Requiem
e. Möricke Songbook
a. Faust Symphony

3-29-14. This was composed by Brahms.
a. Faust Symphony
b. Don Juan
c. Romantic Symphony
d. Ein deutsches Requiem
e. Möricke Songbook
d. Ein deutsches Requiem

3-29-15. The technique used by Liszt to unify Les Préludes is called ____________.
a. thematic transformation
b. developing variation
c. leitmotives
d. chromatic saturation
e. Les Fugues
a. thematic transformation

3-29-16. Of the following, which does not describe Liszt’s Piano Sonata in B Minor?
a. It is an extended form in one movement.
b. Its primary intent is to feature virtuoso display.
c. It develops four principal themes.
d. The structure can be analyzed as sonata form.
e. It can be viewed as having four movements.
b. Its primary intent is to feature virtuoso display.

3-29-17. Bruckner modeled his symphonies on which work by Beethoven?
a. Symphony No. 3
b. Symphony No. 5
c. Symphony No. 6
d. Symphony No. 9
e. Missa solemnis
d. Symphony No. 9

3-29-18. Of the following, which describes the Lieder by Wolf?
a. folklike melodies
b. dominant vocal line
c. equality of words and music
d. simple harmonic support
e. introspective mood
c. equality of words and music

3-29-19. Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss is based on ____________.
a. a philosophical prose-poem by Nietzsche
b. a pastoral poem by Lammartine
c. a Norse legend
d. an autobiographical experience
e. a short story by Clarke
a. a philosophical prose-poem by Nietzsche

3-29-20. Of the following, which is not associated with Richard Strauss?
a. operas
b. songs
c. conductor
d. symphonic poems
e. concert pianist
e. concert pianist

3-30-1. Franck inaugurated a new style of music for the ____________.
a. piano
b. organ
c. violin
d. flute
e. harp
b. organ

3-30-2. Gabriel Fauré is usually associated with which movement?
a. German Romanticism
b. the French Tradition
c. the Cosmopolitan Tradition
d. neo-Classicism
e. realism
b. the French Tradition

3-30-3. Who is considered to be the founder of modern French chamber music?
a. Debussy
b. Ravel
c. Fauré
d. Gounod
e. Franck
e. Franck

3-30-4. What is new in Fauré’s songs of La bonne chanson?
a. Harmonic progressions dilute the pull of the tonic and the need for resolution.
b. The melody is spun-out in lengthy phrases.
c. Harmonic tension is enhanced by lingering dominant-seventh chords.
d. The piano is restricted to a subordinate position.
e. The chromaticism of Fauré’s contemporaries is rejected.
a. Harmonic progressions dilute the pull of the tonic and the need for resolution.

3-30-5. Of the following, which are unusual features of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6?
a. a recurring fate motive and a pizzicato scherzo
b. a 5/4 scherzo and a finale that uses cannons
c. a recurring fate motive and the use of a Russian hymn
d. a 5/4 scherzo and a slow-movement finale
e. a pizzicato scherzo and a slow-movement finale
d. a 5/4 scherzo and a slow-movement finale

3-30-6. Borodin’s country of origin
a. England
b. Russia
c. United States
d. Norway
e. Bohemia
b. Russia

3-30-7. Grieg’s country of origin
a. England
b. Russia
c. United States
d. Norway
e. Bohemia
d. Norway

3-30-8. Elgar’s country of origin
a. England
b. Russia
c. United States
d. Norway
e. Bohemia
a. England

3-30-9. Smetana’s country of origin
a. England
b. Russia
c. United States
d. Norway
e. Bohemia
e. Bohemia

3-30-10. MacDowell’s country of origin
a. England
b. Russia
c. United States
d. Norway
e. Bohemia
c. United States

3-30-11. Which country avoided developing a national style in the late nineteenth century?
a. Russia
b. France
c. England
d. Bohemia
e. Norway
c. England

3-30-12. Which work by Musorgsky was originally written for piano and was later orchestrated by Ravel?
a. Pictures at an Exhibition
b. Night on Bald Mountain
c. Sunless
d. The Nursery
e. In Central Asia
a. Pictures at an Exhibition

3-30-13. Which of the following works is a four-movement symphonic suite by Rimsky-Korsakov based on stories from 101 Arabian Nights?
a. Capriccio espagnol
b. Russian Easter Overture
c. Pictures at an Exhibition
d. Sheherazade
e. In Central Asia
d. Sheherazade

3-30-14. Which of the following works is not a nationalist composition from Bohemia?
a. Má vlast
b. Peer Gynt
c. Dumky Piano Trio
d. Slavonic Dances
e. From My Life
b. Peer Gynt

3-30-15. Immigrants from which country dominated American classic music in the late nineteenth century?
a. England
b. Russia
c. Italy
d. France
e. Germany
e. Germany

3-30-16. Of the following, who is not a noted nineteenth-century American composer?
a. George Whitefield Chadwick
b. Horatio Parker
c. Theodore Thomas (1st conductor of Chicago Symphony)
d. Amy Beach
e. John Knowles Paine
c. Theodore Thomas (1st conductor of Chicago Symphony)

3-30-17. The Gaelic Symphony was composed by ____________.
a. Beach
b. Dvo§ák
c. Elgar
d. MacDowell
e. Gilmore
a. Beach

3-30-18. Tin Pan Alley is a nickname for ____________.
a. a traveling percussion ensemble
b. a group of composers who collected American melodies
c. a small area in New York that specialized in music publishing
d. the first recording studio in Boston
e. the first song to sell one million copies
c. a small area in New York that specialized in music publishing

3-30-19. Of the following, which is not a characteristic of African-American music in the nineteenth century?
a. syncopation
b. call and response
c. bending pitches
d. piano accompaniment
e. banjo accompaniment
d. piano accompaniment

3-30-20. What type of music did the Fisk Jubilee Singers specialize in performing?
a. verse-refrain songs
b. opera excerpts
c. minstrel songs
d. sacred motets
e. spirituals
e. spirituals

3-31-1. George M. Cohan inaugurated a distinctive type of American music with __________.
a. Babes in Toyland
b. The Merry Widow
c. Naughty Marietta
d. Little Johnny Jones
e. Cats
d. Little Johnny Jones

3-31-2. Which composer inaugurated the era of the film score?
a. Saint-Saëns
b. Satie
c. Breil
d. Becce
e. Williams
a. Saint-Saëns

3-31-3. Which composer introduced ragtime rhythms to Broadway and brought the cakewalk and ragtime to Europe?
a. Scott Joplin
b. George M. Cohan
c. Jelly Roll Morton
d. Ford Dabney
e. Will Marion Cook
e. Will Marion Cook

3-31-4. What city is considered to be the cradle of jazz?
a. Chicago
b. New York
c. Memphis
d. New Orleans
e. Kansas City
d. New Orleans

3-31-5. Early jazz seems to have begun as a mixture of what musical types?
a. Ragtime, impressionism, and blues
b. Ragtime, dance music, and blues
c. Cakewalk, Creole music, and impressionism
d. Ragtime, Creole music, and Haitian rhythms
e. Cakewalk, blues, and Haitian rhythms
b. Ragtime, dance music, and blues

3-31-6. What is the principal difference between ragtime and jazz?
a. The notation
b. The way it is performed
c. The instrumentation
d. The region where the music comes from
e. The marketing
b. The way it is performed

3-31-7. Of the following, which is a six-movement symphony with voices by Mahler?
a. Symphony No. 8
b. Kindertotenlieder
c. Feuersnot
d. Das Lied von der Erde
e. Elektra
d. Das Lied von der Erde

3-31-8. Which opera relates a decadent biblical story based on a play by Oscar Wilde?
a. Der Rosenkavalier
b. Elektra
c. Feuersnot
d. Salome
e. The Robe
d. Salome

3-31-9. Of the following, which was not a source of inspiration for Debussy?
a. Symbolist poets
b. Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde
c. Music from Asia
d. Medieval music
e. English folk music
e. English folk music

3-31-10. In what way does Debussy’s harmonic style differ from that of Wagner?
a. The urgency to resolve is absent.
b. Debussy avoid chromaticism.
c. Debussy’s use of dissonance is continuous.
d. Debussy avoids tonal centers.
e. Debussy rejects the use of whole-tone scales.
a. The urgency to resolve is absent.

3-31-11. The poem Prelude to the Afternoon of a Fawn was written by __________.
a. Verlaine
b. Debussy
c. Mallarme
d. Valery
e. George
c. Mallarme

3-31-12. Ralph Vaughan Williams composed this work.
a. El amor brujo
b. The Planets
c. Le tombeau de Couperin
d. Finlandia
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis

3-31-13. Maurice Ravel composed this work.
a. El amor brujo
b. The Planets
c. Le tombeau de Couperin
d. Finlandia
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
c. Le tombeau de Couperin

3-31-14. Gustav Holst composed this work.
a. El amor brujo
b. The Planets
c. Le tombeau de Couperin
d. Finlandia
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
b. The Planets

3-31-15. Manuel de Falla composed this work.
a. El amor brujo
b. The Planets
c. Le tombeau de Couperin
d. Finlandia
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
a. El amor brujo

3-31-16. Sibelius composed this work.
a. El amor brujo
b. The Planets
c. Le tombeau de Couperin
d. Finlandia
e. Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
d. Finlandia

3-31-17. How did Rachmaninoff primarily make his living?
a. As a conductor
b. As a composer
c. As a teacher
d. As a pianist
e. As a critic
d. As a pianist

3-31-18. Scriabin modeled his first piano pieces on the music of __________.
a. Chopin
b. Paganini
c. Beethoven
d. Mendelssohn
e. Schubert
a. Chopin

3-31-19. What characterizes the music of Erik Satie?
a. Strong emotional content
b. Traditional structures and harmonies
c. Wit and defiance of conventional ideas
d. Meeting the listener’s expectations
e. Contrasting musical ideas
c. Wit and defiance of conventional ideas

3-31-20. Which country fostered futurism?
a. France
b. Italy
c. United States
d. Germany
e. Spain
b. Italy

3-32-1. In what style were the early works of Schoenberg written?
a. impressionist
b. atonal
c. primitivist
d. late Romantic
e. neoclassic
d. late Romantic

3-32-2. Of the following methods, which did Schoenberg use to give coherence to atonal music?
a. developing variation
b. cumulative form
c. discontinuity
d. parlando-rubato
e. pointillism
a. developing variation

3-32-3. Of the following works, which was created with the twelve-tone technique?
a. Pierrot lunaire
b. Verklärte Nacht
c. Erwartung
d. Piano Suite
e. The Book of the Hanging Garden
d. Piano Suite

3-32-4. The vocal technique used in Pierrot lunaire is called ____________.
a. Klangfarbenmelodie
b. Sprechstimme
c. parlando-rubato
d. experimental
e. chromatic saturation
b. Sprechstimme

3-32-5. Which composer combined atonality with the expressive gestures of late Romantic music?
a. Stravinsky
b. Webern
c. Ives
d. Schoenberg
e. Berg
e. Berg

3-32-6. Webern received a Ph.D. in ____________.
a. musicology
b. ethnomusicology
c. theory
d. composition
e. piano performance
a. musicology

3-32-7. Wozzeck is an outstanding example of ____________.
a. impressionism
b. primitivism
c. expressionism
d. neoclassicism
e. serialism
c. expressionism

3-32-8. Which work did Berg compose as a requiem for the daughter of Alma Mahler?
a. Lulu
b. Lyric Suite
c. Variations for Orchestra
d. Violin Concerto
e. Wozzeck
d. Violin Concerto

3-32-9. Stravinsky was commissioned to compose his first ballet music by ____________.
a. Diaghilev
b. Nijinsky
c. Rimsky-Korsakov
d. Fokine
e. Balanchine
a. Diaghilev

3-32-10. Webern’s music exerted the greatest influence on composers who worked ____________.
a. from 1900 to World War I
b. between World War I and World War II
c. during World War II
d. after World War II to the late 1960s
e. from the 1970s to the present
d. after World War II to the late 1960s

3-32-11. Which of the following does not characterize Webern’s Symphony, Op. 21?
a. double canons
b. inversions
c. classical forms
d. palindromic structures
e. full symphonic orchestration
e. full symphonic orchestration

3-32-12. Which work marks Stravinsky’s turn towards neoclassicism?
a. Petrushka
b. Threni
c. Symphony of Psalms
d. Pulcinella
e. The Rakes Progress
d. Pulcinella

3-32-13. Stravinsky’s late works employ ____________.
a. serialism
b. primitivism
c. impressionism
d. experimental sounds
e. electronic music
a. serialism

3-32-14. Stravinsky’s approach to harmony can be described as ____________.
a. atonal
b. neotonal
c. pantonal
d. chromatic saturation
e. modal
b. neotonal

3-32-15. In his early years, Bartók made his career as a(n) ____________.
a. conductor
b. singer of folk music
c. virtuoso pianist
d. violist
e. opera singer
c. virtuoso pianist

3-32-16. The music of Bartók mixes the traditions of which sources?
a. modern, popular, and peasant
b. classic, popular, and peasant
c. classic, modern, and popular
d. popular, modern, and classic
e. classic, modern, and peasant
e. classic, modern, and peasant

3-32-17. Of the following, which was composed early in Bartók’s career?
a. Allegro barbaro
b. Concerto for Orchestra
c. The Miraculous Mandarin
d. Mikrokosmos
e. Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta
a. Allegro barbaro

3-32-18. Charles Ives made his living in what business?
a. stocks
b. insurance
c. organ building
d. politics
e. publishing
b. insurance

3-32-19. Of the following, which is a strand not found in the music of Ives?
a. Protestant music
b. European peasant music
c. American vernacular music
d. experimental music
e. European classical music
b. European peasant music

3-32-20. At what point did Ives receive recognition for his work?
a. with his first cantata
b. with The Unanswered Question
c. with the premiere of the Concord Sonata
d. after he retired from composition
e. after he died
d. after he retired from composition

3-? Who composed the music for Show Boat?
Jerome Kern

3-? What characterized Tin Pan Alley songs after 1910?
The focus was increasingly on the chorus.

3-? Of the following, which is true of Irving Berlin?
He wrote his own lyrics

3-? W. C. Handy is known for his work in this genre.
Classic blues

3-? Benny Goodman is known for his work in this genre.
Swing music

3-? Of the following, which does not characterize the blues?
straightforward melodic style without syncopation

3-? The New Orleans jazz form is similar to what classical structure?
theme and variation

3-? Big bands are divided into which three sections?
brass, reeds, rhythm

3-? Gershwin’s first attempt to combine jazz and classical tradition was:
Rhapsody in Blue

3-? In what way does big band music differ from New Orleans jazz?
It works through arrangements.

3-? Of the following, who was not a member of Les Six?
Fauré

3-? Which member of Les Six incorporated jazz into the ballet La Création du Monde?
Milhaud

3-? Of the following, who stayed in Germany during the Nazi regime?
Orff

3-? Who is associated with Gebrauchsmusik?
Hindemith

3-? Of the following, which work was composed by Prokofiev before he returned to the Soviet Union?
The Love of Three Oranges

3-? Shostakovich was attacked in Pravda for which work?
Lady Macbeth from the Mtensk District

3-? Which composer is known for works employing tone clusters at the piano?
Cowell

3-? Ruth Crawford Seeger gave up composition for which activity?
preserving folk songs

3-? With whom did Aaron Copland and other American composers study in Paris?
Boulanger

3-? For his major operas, Virgil Thompson collaborated with _____________?
Gertrude Stein

3-? Country music centers on a singer playing a _____________.
Guitar

3-? How does rhythm-and-blues differ from traditional blues?
rhythmic emphasis on beats two and four

3-? Which song launched rock and roll nationally?
Rock Around the Clock

3-? Which group is associated with Acid Rock?
Jefferson Airplane

3-? Of the following, who was a prominent folk singer from the 1940s and 1950s?
Woody Guthrie

3-? Motown is associated with which city?
Detroit

3-? Of the following musicals, which features music by Leonard Bernstein?
On the Town

3-? Of the following, which characterizes bebop jazz?
extreme virtuosity

3-? Of the following, who is associated with cool jazz?
Modern Jazz Quartet

3-? Of the following, which was the leading patron of composers in the US after World War II?
universities

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