SCCS 4th Grade – English Poetry & Figurative Language

Poetry
A verbal composition designed to convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way, characterized by the use of language chosen for its sound and suggestive power and by the use of literary techniques such as meter, metaphor, and rhyme. Sound of the words is important.

Accent
The prominence or emphasis given to syllable or word. In the word poetry the accent falls on the first syllable.

Line
A basic structural component of a poem. Lines are either consistent on length or follow a pattern of lengths. A line is not necessarily a complete sentence. Usually the first word in each line is capitalized, even if in mid sentence.

Stanza
Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme. They are like the ‘paragraphs’ of poetry.

Rhyme
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words.

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhyming words at the END of each line within a stanza. The pattern of rhyme in a stanza or poem is shown usually by using a different letter for each final sound, so for example: an “ABAB” poem rhymes the first and third lines, and also the second and fourth lines, but the two sets of rhymes are different from each other.

Meter
The regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that make up a line of poetry. Meter gives the rhythm and regularity to poetry.

Identify the rhyme scheme in a sample

Identify the syllable counts in a sample

Identify lines & stanza in a sample

Simile
a comparison between two dissimilar things using ‘like’ or ‘as’. Must have an element in common – they evoke the same mood

Metaphor
A comparison between two dissimilar things WITHOUT using like or as. (must have an element in common, the comparison has a purpose)

Onomatopoeia
a word that is a sound (buzz, hiss, roar)

Alliteration
every word starting with the same sound. (like tongue twister)

Hyperbole
exaggeration for effect

Personification
giving human characteristics or motivations to non-human animals or objects.

Idiom
phrase with an understood meaning that is unrelated to its literal meaning. Idioms are culture specific (raining cats and dogs, green thumb)

Example of simile
sleeping like a log

Example of metaphor

Example of Onomatopoeia
buss, hiss, roar

Example of Alliteration

Example of Hyperbole

Example of Personification

Example of Idiom
Raining cats and dogs, green thumb

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