Romantic Poetry Test

Alliteration
– repeated sound at the beginning of words Ex. Many mumbling mice

Assonance
– repeated VOWEL sounds within words Ex. When I have fears that I may cease to be

Consonance –
repeated consonant sounds within or at the end of words Ex. Thou watchest like the last oozings hours by hours

Symbol –
a physical object or concrete concept standing in for an idea Ex. “heart” for “love”

Imagery
– words that paint a picture of a conceptEx. Gardens bright with sinuous rills

Onomatopoeia –
a word or phrase the evokes the sound of what is being described Ex. – bang boom crash

Metaphor
imagery used to describe something that might be very different Ex. – a mighty fountain momently was forced

Rhyme –
like vowel and consonant sounds at the ends of words Ex. The cat sat on the mat

Rhyme Scheme –
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse. Ex. ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

Apostrophe –
NOT, in this case, a diacritical mark indicating possession or omitted letters But rather A poetic device: addressing a person who is not there or an object which cannot respond, as though they could Ex. O Captain, My Captain

Foot –
a unit of a line of poetry consisting of stressed and unstressed syllables Ex. In Xa/na du/did Ku/bla Khan (there are 4 feet here)

Meter –
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry Ex. In Xanadu did Kubla Khan (because there are 4 feet, this is tetrameter)

Haiku –
a traditional Japanese haiku is a three-line poem with seventeen syllables,written in a 5/7/5 syllable count. Often focusing on images from nature, haiku emphasizes simplicity, intensity, and directness of expression Ex. An old pond! A frog jumps in— A frog jumps in—the sound of water.

Simile –
use of a dissimilar idea to describe something using AS or LIKE Tears fall like rain Rhythm – the “beat” of the poem Half a league, half a league, half a league onward

Allusion –
a reference to a well-known literary work or cultural icon Ex. Proteus and Triton rising from the sea

Romantic Characteristics
-Interest in the common man and childhood
-Strong senses emotions and feelings
-Awe of nature
-Celebration of the individual
-Importance of imagination

“Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion reflected in tranquility”
William Wordsworth

Wordsworth’s philosophy
-Valued imagination
-stressed the importance of the individual
-Placed poetry at the very center of human existence

Lyric Poetry
poetry written in the emotional style of a song

‘Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”
Wordsworth

“I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud”
Wordsworth

“Lines Composed A Few Miles AboveTinternAbbey”
Wordsworth

“My Heart Leaps Up”
Wordsworth

“Ode: Intimations On Immortality”
Wordsworth

“She Was A Phantom of Delight”
Wordsworth

“The World Is Too Much With Us”
Wordsworth

Poet, critic, philosopher, and opium addict – wrote not only about the beauty of nature, but
also its wildness
Samuel Taylor Coleridge

KublaKhan-“a vision in a dream”
Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Kublai Khan
-grandson of Genghis Khan
-ruler of the Mongols of Asia around
1260
-at the height of his power, ruled an
empire that stretched from present-
day Korea to Poland
-Xanadu, a “pleasure-dome” or
harem garden

George Gordon, Lord Byron
“mad, bad, and dangerous to know”

Percy Bysshe Shelley
Known for his lyrical, long-form verse

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