Romantic Period-Poets

William Blake
Called his “Spiritual Life” varied, free, and dramatic. Called his “Corporeal Life” simple, limited and unadventurous.

William Blake
Schofield brought charges that ______ had uttered seditious statements about king and country

William Blake
Located the source of poetic inspiration in an archaic native tradition that ended after the 17th century

William Blake
experimented with relief etching or “illuminated printing” inspire by illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages

William Blake
places words and images in a relationship that is mutually enlightening and turbulent, this relationship is the aspect of the poems argument.

William Blake
In “Songs of Innocence and of Experience” the two groups of poems represent the world as it is envisioned by what he calls “two contrary states of the human soul”

William Blake
Universalist, eccentric, elitist, medievalist

William Blake
In 1803 arrested for sedition but was later exonerated

William Blake
Saw the contemporary Revolution as “the purifying violence that, according to biblical prophecy, portended the imminent redemption of humanity and the world.”

William Wordsworth
Born in Cockermouth in West Cumberland…on the English Lake District

William Wordsworth
Educated at Hawkshead near Esthwaite Lake by William Taylor, a young headmaster. In this country setting, he first “drank in” the sights and sounds of nature

William Wordsworth
Supported the French Revolution from 1791-1792. He fell in love with Annette Vallon with whom he had a daughter. She was a Royalist and a Catholic. He returned to England to earn money, but the war prevented him from returning to Annette and Caroline. This guilt haunted him for a long time. He gradually became disillusioned with the French Revolution.

William Wordsworth
In 1795, he settled in a rent-free house with Dorothy, his sister, and met Coleridge. Two years later, he moved to be near Coleridge. At 27, he began to write seriously.

William Wordsworth
Outlined a critical program that provided a retroactive rationale for the “experiments” the poems represented.

William Wordsworth
Became Poet Laureate of Great Britain in 1843

William Wordsworth
Is the poet of remembrance, and reinterpretation of things past. Presents his poetry as the outgrowth of occasions that trigger a sudden renewal of feelings. Hazlitt declares his poetry as per-eminent among that of the living poets.

William Wordsworth
used simple language and simple subject matter

Lord Byron
French Critic Hippolyte Taine devoted a long chapter to….

“the greatest and most English of these artists; he is so great and so English that from him alone we shall learn more truths of his country and of his age than from all the rest together.”

Lord Byron
Through much of the 19th century he continued to be rated as one of the greatest of English poets and the very prototype of literary Romanticism.

Lord Byron
The Victorian critics who described the Romantic as a literary period warned readers against the immortality of Byron’s poetry, finding his voluptuous imagination and aristocratic disdain for the commonplace and affront to their own middle-class values…meaning to redirect the nation toward healthier reading matter.

Lord Bryon
Would have had qualms about being considered a representative figure of a period that also included Wordsworth (Wordy), or Keats (a shabby Cockney brat), or “scribbling” women such as Hemans.

Lord Byron
Only Shelley though highly of either man or his work

Lord Byron
Readers marveled over the intensity of the feelings of his verse communicated–“its force, fire, and thought” said the novelist Lady Sydney Morgan–and the vividness of the sense of self they found it.

Byronic Hero
Chief claim to be considered as an arch-Romantic. Taine called it a “ruling personage; that is, the the model that contemporaries invest with their admiration and sympathy.”

Byronic Hero Characteristics
Alien, mysterious and gloomy spirit, superior in his passions, harbors a torturing memory of a nameless guilt that drives him to inevitable doom.

Lord Byron
Looked to 18th century models: Pope and Sterne

Lord Byron
Greek experiences influenced his poetry, especially in the free old-male/young-male love

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