Robert Frost Terms

Enjambment/Acquainted With the Night
‘Came over houses from another street, But not to call me back or say good-bye:’

Continues the sense of isolation and loneliness the speaker feels across the paragraphs.

Allusion/’Out, Out-‘
‘Out, Out-‘ (The title itself)

The title is a reference to Shakespeare’s MacBeth. This allusion serves to further illustrate the theme of the brevity of life. BN

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Cacophony/’Out, Out-‘
‘The buzz saw snarled and rattled”

The repetition of these harsh and unpleasant sounds illustrates the harsh and unpleasant nature of the saw which Frost wishes to convey

EM

Personification/’Acquainted With the Night
Test ‘saddest city lane’

This suggests the city lane, which is an inanimate object, has human feelings.

Onomatopoeia/’Out,Out-‘
‘Snarled and Rattled’

This depicts the buzz-saw as a wild animal, growling at the boy as he uses the saw to cut wood.
C.R

Rhyming scheme/ Provide Provide/CC
The simple AB rhyming scheme that Frost employs keeps the poem blunt and unsentimental, whilst lending a certain quality of flippancy to the poem.
cacophony- design
‘dimpled spider, fat and white’
‘assorted with characters of death and blight’
‘dead wings carried like a paper kite’

kb

Similie – The Road Not Taken
‘ Then took the other, as just as fair ‘
This was effective because it was just as fair that he took the road that wanted wear . – AM
Pathetic Fallacy/ Acquainted With The Night
‘I have walked out in rain – and back in rain’
This use of pathetic fallacy when frost walks out in the rain is effective because the rain mirrors Frost’s sorrows and gave the poem a cold and gloomy feeling.
M.D
Synecdoche/The Road Not Taken
‘In leaves no step had trodden black.’

This is effective as the steps signify people having to make decisions in life – as the poet cannot see these people, the use of a synecdoche is effective. R.F.

Anaphora/Acquainted With the Night
‘I have been one acquainted with the night.
I have walked out in rain – and back in rain.
I have outwalked the furthest city light.’
This use of anaphora in the repetition of the phrase ‘I have’ mirrors the repetition in the speaker’s actions described in the poem. BK
Hyperbole/After Apple Picking
‘There were ten thousand thousand fruit to touch’

The poet’s exaggeration of how many apples there were is used to show us his mentality, that he feels as if he has picked ten million apples during the harvest. M.H.

Paradox/Acquainted with the night
‘Proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right’
This line makes us confused and agitated, which reflects the state of the poet’s mind.ND.
Alliteration/”Out, Out”
Alliteration is used to describe the pleasant smell of the freshly cut sawdust.Alliteration is present in the repeated ‘s’ sound in ‘sweet scented stuff’.E.B.
Metaphor/ The Road Not Taken
‘Road not taken’

Metaphorical for the pain and regret that often comes about when making a decision or choice. Leaves you thinking what possibilities the other road could have offered. NK

Allegory/ After Apple Picking
“That struck the earth,
No matter if not bruised or spiked with stubble,
Went surely to the cider-apple heap
As of no worth.”

The deeper meaning here is that the apple would represent a person and that no matter what they have done in their lives, they will end up the same as everyone else. JH

Personification/ ‘Out, Out-‘
‘And the saw snarled and rattled, snarled and rattled’
Frost personifies the saw to make it seem wild and untamed. This adds anticipation and anxiety to the reader as they wait to see what the wild saw will do. AF

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