Poet’s Toolbox

metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things not using the words like or as.

simile
a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as.

hyperbole
exaggeration

personification
using human qualities to describe something that is not human.

anthropomorphism
a form of personification in which actual human characteristics are given to anything human. The thing becomes a character.

alliteration
the repetition of the initial letter (or sound) in words.

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds.

imagery
descriptive language to recreate sensory experiences. Words that show what speaker: sees, hears, smells, feels or tastes.

repetition
the use, more than once, of any elements of language such as sound, words, phrases or sentences.

rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. Each rhyme is assigned a different letter.

meter
rhythmical pattern determined by the number of stresses or beats in each line.

Lyric
highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single experience in the life of one speaker.

Free Verse
verse with no regular rhyme scheme of pattern

Narrative
Tells a true or imagined story and has character, setting, plot, theme and point of view.

Haiku
3 line Japanese verse. The 1st and 3rd lines have 5 syllables. The 2nd line has 7 syllables.

Limerick
Humorous, rhyming 5 line poem with specific meter and rhyme scheme. Most follow rhyme scheme aabba

Concrete
A poem with a shape that suggests its subject.

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