Poetry Vocabulary

the study of the structure of poetry
prosody

how poetry is built, how it’s put together
structure

the most condensed and concetrated form of literature
poetry

movement
rhythm

stressed or unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
meter

a more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
metrical pattern

basic unit of measurement in a line of poetry
foot

a foot that has one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllables
iamb

a foot that has one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
trochee

two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable
anapest

one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
dactyl

a foot consisting of two stressed syllables
spondee

a line of poetry with one foot
monometer

a line of poetry with two feet
dimeter

a line of poetry with three feet
trimeter

a line of poetry with four feet
tetrameter

a line of poetry with five feet
pentameter

a line of poetry with six feet
hexameter

a line of poetry with seven feet
heptameter

a line of poetry with eight feet
octameter

metrical analysis or determining what the meter or metrical pattern
scansion

end with same sound
rhyme

begin with the same sound
alliteration

repitition of vowel sounds
assonance

repitition of consonant sounds
consonance

rhymes at the ends of lines
end rhyme

rhymes within the lines
internal rhyme

words that look the same but do not sound the same
eye-rhyme

when you assign letters to lines of poetry with end rhyme
rhyme scheme

a stanza made up of two lines
couplet

a stanza made up of three lines
triplet

a stanza made up of four lines of poetry
quatrain

exaggeration
hyperbole

opposite of hyperbole
understatement

a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another
figurative language

a combination of contradictory terms
oxymoron

makes a comparison between unlike things using words such as “like” or “as” (not literal)
simile

makes a comparison between unlike things wherein one becomes the other (not literal)
metaphor

assigning a human characteristic to an inanimate object
personification

poem that expresses emotion
lyric poem

a poem that tells a story
narrative poem

unrhymed, iambic pentameter
blank verse

lines vary in length, no fixed rhythmical pattern, no rhyme scheme
free verse

at the end of a line, there is no mark at the end of the line to indicate a pause or stop and thought continues through the next line
enjambment

a poem where its shape suggests its meaning
concrete

a word whose sound expresses its meaning
onomatopoeia

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