Poetry Test – (1) Dreams / Dreams Deferred

“Dreams” – author
by Langston Hughes
“Dreams” -theme
is about the importance of dreams and their ability to empower, strengthen and sustain an individual’s life.
“Dreams” – Similarities
Both poems have a central theme of Dreams, but they deal with different aspects of this issue.
In this poem Hughes’ possible theories on what becomes of dreams deferred are all negative. This reinforces his poem “Dreams” which says not to let go of dreams in the first place.

His poems contain an array of figurative language, personification, and description. In dreams Hughes says that “Life is a broken-winged bird.” This personification allows us to see that a person who lives a life without dreams is about as hopeless as a bird who, made for flight, cannot fly. He also calls life a “barren field”, which expresses the emptiness in which one must live.

Both poems give the impression that dreams should be held on to, because when they are deferred life holds no meaning.

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“Dreams” – differences
In “Dreams” the message that Hughes is trying to convey is that dreams are important to our lives, and we should not let go of them

“Dreams” deals with the theory that life is ‘broken’ without dreams.

The two poems differ in the use of similes and metaphors, and also in their rhyme scheme.

” A Dream Deferred” – author
by Langston Hughes
” A Dream Deferred” – theme
The speaker wonders what happens to a deferred dream. He wonders if it dries up like a raisin in the sun, or if it oozes like a wound and then runs. It might smell like rotten meat or develop a sugary crust. It might just sag like a “heavy load,” or it might explode.
” A Dream Deferred” – similarities
Both poems have a central theme of Dreams, but they deal with different aspects of this issue.
In this poem Hughes’ possible theories on what becomes of dreams deferred are all negative. This reinforces his poem “Dreams” which says not to let go of dreams in the first place.

In his poem “A dream deferred” Hughes uses a plethora of similies. He questions if dreams “fester like a sore”, “stink like rotton meat”, or “dry up in the sun”. These similies offer us a visual picture that lets us know dreams that are deferred are not to pleasent.

” A Dream Deferred” – differences
“A Dream Deferred” questions what happens to dreams once people do let them go.

“A Dream Deferred” questions where a dream goes once it is forgotten.

Both poems give the impression that dreams should be held on to, because when they are deferred life holds no meaning.

The two poems differ in the use of similes and metaphors, and also in their rhyme scheme.

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