Poetry Form and Structure

Form
The way the writing is structured

Rhyme Scheme
A pattern of end rhymes in a poem. It can be noted by assigning a letter to each line. Lines that rhyme are assigned the same letter.

Traditional Poems
Traditional poems follow fixed rules. Depending on the form, they may have a set number of lines or stanzas or syllables in each line. There may be a regular pattern of rhythm and/or rhyme.

Unconventional Poems
Unconventional poems do not follow rules for form. They do not have a regular pattern of rhythm, and they may not rhyme. Words and lines may be arranged in unusual ways to suggest subject matter or meaning.

Sonnet
The sonnet is a traditional poetic form. A sonnet runs 14 lines long and has a complicated rhyme scheme.

Limerick
The limerick is a traditional form of poetry that is humorous of lighthearted. Ina typical limerick, there are five lines with the rhyme scheme ‘aabba’, and the third and fourth lines are shorter than the others. A limerick has a sing-song rhythm.

Haiku
A traditional three-line poem with 5 syllables in the 1st and 3rd lines and 7 syllables in the 2nd line. Haiku often refer to nature and the seasons.

Free Verse
An unconventional poetry that does not have regular patterns of rhythm, rhyme, or line length. Free verse poetry often has a rhythm similar to that of everyday speech.

Concrete Poetry
An unconventional poetic form. In a concrete poem, the letters and words are arranged in an unusual way that reflects the poem’s subject or meaning.

Ode
A traditional poem that shows appreciation, is about someone or somebody. It normally talks about beauty, truth, and justice.

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