Poetry Flashcards AP E4 – Tyler Garcia

Open form poetry
Open form poetry follows no pattern of lines, meter, rhymes, or stanza.

Free Verse
Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter

Prose Poetry
Uses prose instead of using verse but preserving poetic qualities such as heightened imagery, parataxis and emotional effects.

Closed Form Poetry
A type of form or structure in poetry characterized by regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical pattern.

Blank Verse
Verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.

Rhyme / Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem or song

Meter (iamb)
The basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.

Foot / Metrical Foot
A single unit of measurement that is repeated within a line of poetry.

Monometer
A rare form of verse in which each line consists of a single metrical unit

Dimeter
A verse or line of two measurement or feet

Trimeter
A verse or line of three measurement or feet

Tetrameter
A verse or line of four measurement or feet

Pentameter
A verse or line of five measurement or feet

Hexameter
A verse or line of six measurement or feet

Heptameter
A verse or line of seven measurement or feet

Octameter
A verse or line of eight measurement or feet

Metrical feet (Iambic)
unstressed, stressed

Metrical feet (Anapest)
unstressed unstressed stressed

Metrical feet (Dactyl)
stressed unstressed unstressed

Metrical feet (Spondee)
stressed stressed unstressed

Metrical feet (Trochee)
stressed unstressed

Metrical feet (Pyrrhic)
unstressed unstressed

Metrical variation
When a poem has a few lines that do not follow the same foot pattern as the other lines.

Common meter / Hymn Measure
a poetic metre consisting of four lines which alternate between iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter

Stanza
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.

Couplet
Couplets usually comprise two lines that rhyme and have the same metre.

Heroic Couplet
A heroic couplet is a traditional form for English poetry, commonly used in epic and narrative poetry, and consisting of a rhyming pair of lines in iambic pentameter.

Tercet
A tercet is composed of three lines of poetry, forming a stanza or a complete poem.

Quatrain
A quatrain is a type of stanza, or a complete poem, consisting of four lines.

Cinquain
A cinquain is a five-line poem

Sestet
The last six lines of a sonnet

Septet
A seven-line poem

Octave
An eight-line poem

Scansion
the act of determining and (usually) graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse.

Prosody
the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry.

Lyric poem
Lyric poetry is a form of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.

Alliteration
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Consonance
the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity (chiefly as used in prosody).

Assonance
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible

Onomatopoeia
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

End-stopped line
occurs when a line of poetry ends with a period or definite punctuation mark, such as a colon. When lines are end-stopped, each line is its own phrase or unit of syntax.

Enjambment
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.

Caesura
a pause near the middle of a line.

Internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a single line of verse, or between internal phrases across multiple lines.

Refrain
a repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse.

Apostrophe
a figure of speech in which the poet addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, or a thing.

Anaphora
a rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses

Synaesthesia
the production of a sense impression relating to one sense or part of the body by stimulation of another sense or part of the body.

Chiasmus
the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point

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