Poetry and Figurative Language

Poetry
A type of literature/writing that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story

Line
A group of words that are together on one line of the poem.

Stanza
A group of lines that are arranged together.

Couplet
2 line stanza

Triplet
3 line stanza

Quatrain
4 line stanza

Quintet
5 line stanza

Sestet
6 line stanza

Rhyme
Words that sound alike. Words that have the same ending sounds.

Rhyme Scheme
A specific rhyming pattern.

AA BB AA
An example of a Rhyme Scheme

Alliteration
The repetition of the initial consonants of words.

Hyperbole
A writer’s use of exaggeration for emphasis.

Idiom
A descriptive expression that means something different than the combination of the words that make it up.

Imagery
Language that appeals to the readers 5 senses – sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch

Metaphor
Comparing two unlike objects.

Simile
Comparing two unlike objects using the words like or as.

Onomatopoeia
The use of words to imitate sounds.

Personification
Giving human qualities to animals or objects.

Figurative Language
A creative way of writing that enhances a written piece.

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