Poetry Analysis Terms

paraphrase
whats going on in the poem?

connotation
rhetorical or literary devices

allusion
the passing reference or indirect mention of another piece of work

antithesis
two opposing ideas in a grammatically parallel sentence

apostrophe
direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified abstraction

alliteration
the repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of two or more words

assonance
the repetition of the same vowel sound usually at the beginning of words

diction
an author’s choice and phrasing of words(words create “fairytale” feel?)

hyperbole
exaggeration

metaphor
a comparison between unlike things without the use of “like” or “as”

simile
a comparison between unlike things using the words “like” or “as”

meter
the pattern of stressed & unstressed syllables in a poem

rhythm
the pulse or beat in a line of poetry; the regular recurrence of an accent or stress. LIke the rise & fall of our voices.

metonymy
the use of the name of one thing for that of another, of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated

synecdoche
a part of something is used for the whole (all hands on deck)

onomatopoeia
words whose pronunciations suggest their meaning (buzz, meow)

personification
giving inanimate objects human characteristics (the wind roared)

point of view
the vantage point from which a poem is told

rhyme scheme
arrangement of rhymes in a poem/stanza; indicated by the use of letters (a/a/b/b/c/d/c/d)

slant rhyme
partial or imperfect rhyme that often uses assonance (dry and died, grown and moon)

repetition
repeating of a word or phrase that the author considers important

symbolism
something that stands for or suggests something larger or more complex

attitude or tone
the author’s attitude toward the subject matter; think of the author’s “tone of voice”

shifts
changes in speakers and in attitudes may be found by looking at key words,punctuation, changes in line/stanza length or diction

title
examine now on an interpretive level. What does it mean?

theme
idea or point of a story, formulated as a generalization; there may be several. Always write as a complete sentence.

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