Poetry, an Introduction (7th Edition) Similes and Metaphors Ch. 5

Simile
Makes an explicit comparison between two things by using words such as ‘like, as, than, appears, or seems’

“A sip of Miss Cook’s coffee is like a punch in the stomach” is an example of
A simile

“Miss Cook’s coffee is as strong as the cafeteria coffee” is an example of
Literal comparison, no a simile

Metaphor
Makes comparison between two unlike things, but implicitly, or ambiguously, without obvious words such as “like or as”

Macbeth, “life is a brief candle” is an example of
Metaphor
Life is a walking shadow
Life is a poor player

What is “Presentiment” in Emily Dickinson’s poem
An abstract idea that is defined metaphorically

“He was a mule standing his ground”
Explicit or Implicit?
Explicit

“He brayed his refusal to leave.” Explicit or Implicit?
Implicit

Implied metaphor
Does not explicitly (directly) identify, but hints and alludes

Extended comparisons
Part or all of the poem consists of a series of related metaphors or similes

Controlling metaphors
The entire poem is organized around the comparison

Pun
Play on words that relies on the word having more than one meaning or sounding like another word

Synecdoche
Part of something is used to signify the whole

“A neighbor is a wagging tongue” is an example of what figure of speech?
Synecdoche

“A criminal placed behind bars” is an example of what figure of speech?
Synecdoche

“A fad is in one era and out the other” is an example of what figure of speech?
Pun

“Germany invaded Poland” is an example of which figure of speech?
Synecdoche- because not ALL of Germany literally invaded Poland

Metonymy
Something closely associated with a subject is substituted for it

“She preferred the silver screen to reading” is an example of which figure of speech?
Metonymy

“The paper shufflers stopped for coffee” is an example of which figure of speech?
Metonymy

“As those pursed lips came through the swinging door, the atmosphere was suddenly sour” is an example of which two figures of speech
Synecdoche and metonymy

Personification
The attribute of human characteristics to nonhuman things

“Temptation pursues the innocent” is an example of which figure of speech?
Personification

Apostrophe
An address either to someone who is absent and cannot hear or something nonhuman that cannot comprehend

Modern day use of apostrophe
Too thestrical

Overstatement or hyperbole
Exaggeration that adds emphasis without intending to be true

“The teenage boy ate everything in the house” is an example of which figure of speech?
Overstatement of hyperbole

Understatement
Says less than intended

“The graves a fine and private place/but none I think, do there embrace” is an example of which figure of speech?
Understatement

Paradox
Statement that appears to be self-contradictory but makes sense

“The pen is mightier than the sword” is an example of which figure of speech?
Paradox

Oxymoron
Condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together

“Sweet sorrow,” “silent scream,” “sad joy,” “cold fire,” are example of which figure of speech?
Oxymoron

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