Poem Definition

Figurative
departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.

Literal
taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or allegory.

Metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

Stanza
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.

Limerick
a humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba , popularized by Edward Lear.

Haiku
a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world.

Concrete Poem
Poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on.

Idiom
a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.

Symbolism
the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.

Simile
personal expression involving compare one thing with something else of a different kind, used to make a more emphatic description or alive

Personification
attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or a representation of an abstract quality in human form

Imagery
visually descriptive or figurative language, esp. in a literary work.

Free Verse
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter

Newspaper Blackout Poem
It focuses on rearranging words to create a different meaning. Also known as newspaper blackout poetry, the author uses a permanent marker to cross out or eliminate whatever words or images he sees as unnecessary or irrelevant to the effect he’s seeking to create. The central idea is to devise a completely new text from previously published words and images, which the reader is free to interpret as he wishes.

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