New American Poetry and Realism

William Dean Howells
1837-1920

Frank Norris
1870-1902

Henry James
1843-1916

Fredrick Douglas
Battle with Mr. Covey

Bret Harte
Wrote about accounts of interesting people around the country

William Dean Howells
Father of Realism

William Dean Howells
Editor of the Boston magazine The Atlantic Monthly

Frank Norris
The Octopus – struggles between farmers and the railroad

Henry James
Considered America’s greatest psychological novelist

William Dean Howells
Believed realism should depict the lives of ordinary people. be faithful to the development of character even at the expense of action, and reveal the strength of good over evil

Frank Norris
Interested in the impact of large social forces on individuals

Henry James
Novels took place in Europe – believed European society was more sinister and complex than American society

Frank Norris
His novels examined social institutions

William Dean Howells
Though life was merely foolish and flavorless

Henry James
psychological realism, pits an American facing the complexities of European society and either defeats or is defeated by them

Frank Norris
Believed human behavior was determined by forces beyond the individuals power

Bret Harte
Wrote about the gold rush

Fredrick Douglas
A slave who became a free man and educated himself

Mark Twain
Samuel Clemens

William Dean Howells
Practiced “smiling realism”
portrayed Americans as foolish but good people which allowed them to win in the end

Ambrose Bierce
Muckraking reporter; got a reputation of being extremely bitter

Stephen Crane
died at the age of 29

Willa Cather
Won a Pulitzer Prize for My Antonia

Willa Cather
From Nebraska (the Frontier)

Stephen Crane
Pioneer of Impressionism and Naturalism

Bret Harte
Known as a regionalist because he wrote about the west

Bret Harte
Has a war of words with Mark Twain

Fredrick Douglas
For women’s rights. freedom of speech, and the end of capital punishment

Kate Chopin
Labeled as an anti-feminist

Kate Chopin
From Missouri, moves to LA after marriage

Stephen Crane
Did not experience the Civil War but writes about it based on Matthew Brady’s photographs

Kate Chopin
Known for The Awakening

Ambrose Bierce
Fought in the Civil War
Sited 15 times for bravery

Bret Harte
Believed in the good hero always prevailing

Ambrose Bierce
The Devil’s Dictionary

Ambrose Bierce
Mysterious death, probably died in the Mexican Revolution

Kate Chopin
Irish Catholic

Mark Twain
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Masterpiece

Walt Whitman
1819-1892

Emily Dickinson
1830-1886

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