Mom: Closed and Open Forms of Poetry

Form
: In a general sense, this is the means by which a literary work expresses its content. In poetry it is usually used to describe the design of a poem.

Fixed Form
A traditional verse form requiring certain predetermined elements of structure—for example, a stanza pattern, set meter, or predetermined line length.

Closed form
A generic term that describes poetry written in a pattern of meter, rhyme, lines or stanzas. It adheres to a set structure.

open form
Verse that has no set scheme—no regular meter, rhyme, or stanzaic pattern. This has also been called free verse.

blank form
: It contains five iambic feet per line (iambic pentatmeter) and is not rhymed.

couplet
: A two-line stanza in poetry, usually rhymed and with lines of equal length.

closed couplet
Two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter that usually contain an independent and complete thought or statement.

quatrain
: A stanza consisting of four lines, it is the most common stanza form used in English-language poetry.

heroic couplet.
Two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter that usually contain an independent and complete thought or statement.

epic
A long narrative poem tracing the adventures of a popular hero. These poems are usually written in a consistent form and meter throughout.

epigram
A very short, comic poem, often turning at the end with some sharp wit or unexpected stinger.

sonnet
A fixed form of fourteen lines, traditionally written in iambic pentameter and rhymed throughout

Italian sonnet
Also called Petrachan sonnet, it rhymes the octave (the first eight lines)
a b b a a b b a; the sestet (the last six lines) may follow any rhyme pattern, as long as it does not end in a couplet. The poem traditionally turns, or shifts in mood or tone, after the octave.

English sonnet
: Also called Shakesperean sonnet, it has the following rhyme scheme organized into three quatrains and a concluding couplet: a b a b c d c d e f e f g g The poem may turn—that is, shift in mood or tone—between any of the rhyme clusters.

Open form
: Poems that have neither a rhyme scheme nor a basic meter are in this form. It has also been called free verse.

free verse
: This is poetry whose lines follow no consistent meter. It may be rhymed, but usually is not. In the last hundred years, this has become a common practice.

prose poetry
: Poetic language printed in prose paragraphs, but displaying the careful attention to sound, imagery, and figurative language characteristic of poetry.

concrete poetry
: A visual poetry composed exclusively for the page in which a picture or image is made of printed letters and words. This poetry attempts to blur the line between language and visual objects, usually relying on puns and cleverness

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

x

Hi!
I'm Gilbert!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out