Mom: Closed and Open Forms of Poetry

: In a general sense, this is the means by which a literary work expresses its content. In poetry it is usually used to describe the design of a poem.

Fixed Form
A traditional verse form requiring certain predetermined elements of structure—for example, a stanza pattern, set meter, or predetermined line length.

Closed form
A generic term that describes poetry written in a pattern of meter, rhyme, lines or stanzas. It adheres to a set structure.

open form
Verse that has no set scheme—no regular meter, rhyme, or stanzaic pattern. This has also been called free verse.

blank form
: It contains five iambic feet per line (iambic pentatmeter) and is not rhymed.

: A two-line stanza in poetry, usually rhymed and with lines of equal length.

closed couplet
Two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter that usually contain an independent and complete thought or statement.

: A stanza consisting of four lines, it is the most common stanza form used in English-language poetry.

heroic couplet.
Two rhymed lines of iambic pentameter that usually contain an independent and complete thought or statement.

A long narrative poem tracing the adventures of a popular hero. These poems are usually written in a consistent form and meter throughout.

A very short, comic poem, often turning at the end with some sharp wit or unexpected stinger.

A fixed form of fourteen lines, traditionally written in iambic pentameter and rhymed throughout

Italian sonnet
Also called Petrachan sonnet, it rhymes the octave (the first eight lines)
a b b a a b b a; the sestet (the last six lines) may follow any rhyme pattern, as long as it does not end in a couplet. The poem traditionally turns, or shifts in mood or tone, after the octave.

English sonnet
: Also called Shakesperean sonnet, it has the following rhyme scheme organized into three quatrains and a concluding couplet: a b a b c d c d e f e f g g The poem may turn—that is, shift in mood or tone—between any of the rhyme clusters.

Open form
: Poems that have neither a rhyme scheme nor a basic meter are in this form. It has also been called free verse.

free verse
: This is poetry whose lines follow no consistent meter. It may be rhymed, but usually is not. In the last hundred years, this has become a common practice.

prose poetry
: Poetic language printed in prose paragraphs, but displaying the careful attention to sound, imagery, and figurative language characteristic of poetry.

concrete poetry
: A visual poetry composed exclusively for the page in which a picture or image is made of printed letters and words. This poetry attempts to blur the line between language and visual objects, usually relying on puns and cleverness

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