Metaphysical Poets Quiz

Time period of Metaphysical Poets (Name, Reason for Name, and Years)
Jacobean Age refers to the reign of King James I: 1603-1625

Most Prominent Metaphysical Poet
John Donne

Reason for being called Metaphysical
Samuel Johnson didn’t like these poets, and used the term disparagingly, and it stuck. (Due to Overly Clever Poetry) [Some sort of Metaphysics]

Metaphysics
Concerns speculations on the basic principals covering the realms of knowledge and being.

Characteristics of a Metaphysical Poem (1)
Poets blend ordinary speech with paradoxes, puns and conceits.

Characteristics of a Metaphysical Poem (2)
Poems are presented in the form of an argument.

Characteristics of a Metaphysical Poem (3)
Poets tend to draw their imagery from all sources of knowledge.

Characteristics of a Metaphysical Poem (4)
The poets of this period tend to exalt wit. (Odd Metaphors)

Characteristics of a Metaphysical Poem (5)
The subject of the poems tended to be either romantic love or religion. (Were not afraid to apply religious images to romantic love and vice versa.)

John Donne (Years)
1572-1631

Andrew Marvell
1621-1678

Robert Herrick
1581-1674

Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things.

Conceit
A kind of metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things. A conceit may be a brief metaphor, but it usually is the framework of the poem

Lyric
A poem, usually a short one, that expresses a speaker’s personal thoughts or feelings.

Tone
The attitude that a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters or audience.

Carpe Diem (Meaning)
Seize the Day!

Three parts of the Carpe Diem Tradition
Stated Message or Theme
Implied Message or Theme
References to Time

Carpe Diem Tradition Stated Message or Theme
Usually urging a woman to give in to love/sex/marriage before it’s too late.

Carpe Diem Tradition Implied Message or Theme
The poet is speaking to everyone; we should all seize the day and live life to the fullest.

References to Time
The poem conveys an acute sense that life passes very quickly.

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