metaphysical and cavalier poetry

Metaphysical and Cavalier Poetry time period
17th century, 1625-1666
metaphysical poets
Donne
Herbert
Marvel
cavalier poets
Phillips
Herrick
Lovelace
civil war in the 17th century
cavaliers vs roundheads
roundheads
mostly puritans who supported parliament and hated monarchy with short haircuts with bangs. mostly working class.
cavaliers
supported kings
cavalier ideas
carpe Diem
have fun
loyalty to king
Oliver Cromwell
radical puritan who took over after the beheading of Charles I…was suppose to give more power to Parliament, but was basically a dictator
Charles I
Succeeded father, James I, as king of England until he was exiled and then beheaded
apostrophe
literature device that addresses a person or object that cant respond or is not there
Allusion
in literature reference to famous person, place, or think
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
epic
Long narrative poem that has a major cultural hero and reflects culture of society
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
sons of Ben
Poets of the reign of Charles I who were admirers and imitatiors of Ben Jonson
Ben Johnson Poem
“On My 1st Son”- sons death
Ben Johnson
Used ornate style of Elizabethan times
Followers were cavalier
John Donne
Metaphysical
Wild in youth, calm when older
sons of Donne
Poets who were admirers and imitatiors of John Donne
John Milton
poet who supported parliament and puritans, until he became disillusioned with Cromwell’s/Puritan dictatorship
John Miltons Poem
“Paradise Lost”- fall of Adam, Eve, and Satan
John Donnes Poems
“Valediction Forbidding Mourning”- reasons why his wife should not mourn while he is away in France

“Song”- reasons why his wife should not mourn while he is in jail

“Holy Sonnet X”- reasons why people should not fear death

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“Meditation XVII”- reasons why we should mourn everyones death

“Meditation XVII”- John Donne
“for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.”
Not so much that we are all mortal, but that we are intricately intertwined and involved with one another
“Meditation XVII”- John Donne
“No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main”
Nobody is alone or on their own, humanity is connected
Andrew Marvel Poem
“To His Coy Mistress”- reasons why he and this women should seize the day (carpe diem) and get together
Lovelace Poems
“To Lucasta, From the Wars”- he is leaving his women to go to war for his king

“To Althea, from Prison”- though he may be in jail he is free because of althea, his king, his friends, and his intellect

Herrick Poem
“To the Virgins, to Make Much Time”- to women: hurry up and get with a guy while youre still oung
“Gather ye rosebuds while ye may”
All rosebuds are pretty, but will die. Same with these virgins which is why the should seize the day

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