Literary Quiz #4: Types of Poetry

narrative poetry
poem that tells a story

ballad
simple narrative poem imitating the language of a traditional song ballad

epic
long poem about the adventures of a hero

lyric poetry
poem expressing the emotions and thoughts of a single speaker

dramatic monologue
poem in which the speaker addresses a silent audience

elegy
mournful, contemplative lyric poem for someone who died

haiku
three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables presenting intense emotion of nature

ode
lengthy lyric poem expressing emotions, serios topic

idyll
poem extolling the virtues of an ideal place or time

sonnet
fixed poem of 14 lines

the italian or petrarchan sonnet
divided into an octave

the english or shakespearean sonnet
organized into three quatrains and a couplet with a typical rhyme scheme

volta
the turn in thought in a sonnet

aubade
poem or song of or about lovers separating at dawn

villanelle
fixed poem consisting of 19 lines

argumentative structure
poem engages in a debate or persuasive presentation

dramatic and colloquial mode of utterance
poem often describes a dramatic event

acute realism
psychological analysis, highly intellectual poetry

metaphysical wit
the poem contains unexpected, shocking analogies, parallels between dissimilar things

pastoral poetry
presenting the pleasures of rural life

didactic poetry
designed to teach an ethical, moral lesson

concrete poetry
punctuation marks, letters, or words are arranged to form picture

confessional poetry
poet reveals personal info

doggerel
derogatory term used to describe poetry whose sounds are monotone

blank verse
type of poetry with regular meter but no rhyme

free verse or open form
terms describing various styles of poetry lacking strict meter and rhyme

fixed form
poem categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas

sestina
type of fixed poetry consisting of 36 lines of any length divided into 6 sesters and a 3 line concluding stanza

limerick
light, humorous poem of five lines

epigram
brief, pointed, and witty poem, strict and humorous point

epitaph
serious or humorous inscription on a tomb or tombstone

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