High School Poetry Terms

Alliteration
occurence of same letter/sound at the beginning of words

Allusion
indirect reference , A reference to another work of literature, person, or event

Aside
character’s dialoge spoken, but not heard by other actors

Assonance
internal rhyme, makes use of repeated vowel sounds

Ballad
ancient form of story telling

Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem. Stanzas two lines

Diction
A writer’s or speaker’s choice of words

Free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Foreboding
(n.) a warning or feeling that something bad will happen; (adj.) marked by fear, ominous

Haiku
3 unrhymed lines (5, 7, 5) usually focusing on nature

Iambic pentameter
A classification of a poem’s meter when most (though certainly not all) of the feet are iambs. Iambic pentameter is the most natural meter for English poetry.

Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience.

Metaphor (implied)
not explicitly stated or obvious that compares two things by using adjectives that commonly describe one thing, but are used to describe another comparing two

Meter
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

Monologue
A long speech in a play or story, delivered by a single person (see soliloquy).

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Pun
Play on words with a humerous effect

End ryhme
rhyme that occurs at end of line

internal ryhme
Ryhming words are found within a line of poetry.

Approximate ryhme
final sounds are similar, not exact aka slant ryhme

rhythm
The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem

simile
A comparison using like or as

solilquy
A long speech made by a character in a play while no other characters are on stage

sonnet
: a lyric poem of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to certain definite patterns. It usually expresses a single, complete idea or thought with a reversal, twist, or change of direction in the concluding lines.

speaker
A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing

symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

theme
Central idea of a work of literature

tone
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.

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