Harlem Renaissance and Langston Hughes Quiz

Harlem Renaissance
African-American period of literary, musical, and artistic development centered in Harlem in the 1920s.

Cotton Club
The most famous nightclub in Harlem where jazz musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington played.

“The New Negro”
a movement that rejected beastlike or sentimental stereotypes and claimed the right of Negroes to define themselves and defend themselves against attack

collective identity
the Negroes’ shared sense of pride in their race and their contributions to American culture

Ku Klux Klan
racist anti-black group

Langston Hughes
known as the “Poet Laureate of Harlem” who was born in 1902 and died in 1967

Paul Laurence Dunbar and Carl Sandburg
Young Langston Hughes wrote poems in the style of their poetry.

“The Negro Speaks of Rivers”
written while traveling by train and observing the Mississippi

Africa and Europe
visited by working as a cabin boy on a freighter

“The Weary Blues”
prize-winning poem and title of the first collection of poems of the “busboy poet”

Hughes’ contributions
portrayed the nightlife and everyday experiences of Harlem; promoted the rights of Negroes to express their own culture; protested racial discrimination

Jazz and Blues
musical styles Hughes incorporated into his poems

Delta blues style
characterized by uneven rhyming patterns, minimal melody, spoken lyrics, and moaning vocalizations

Jesse B. Semple
African-American “everyman” comic strip character created by Hughes

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