Grade 6 Elements of Poetry

rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words

rhythm
the beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

repetition
the use of any element of language more than once

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

alliteration
the repetition of sounds in the beginning of words

figures of speech
many types of figurative language

metaphor
describe one thing as if it were something else

simile
use like or as to compare 2 apparently unlike things and show similarities between the two

personification
gives human qualities to something that is non human

narrative
poetry that tells a story in a verse

lyric
poetry that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse

concrete
poems that are shaped to look like their subjects, the poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page

haiku
a three-line japanese verse form, first and third lines have 5 syllables and the second line has 7

limerick
a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem

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