Figurative Language Definitions/Examples/Pictures

figurative language
language used by writers to produce images in readers’ minds and to express ideas in fresh, vivid, and imaginative ways
figurative language

simile
a comparison of two things using like or as
simile

metaphor
a direct comparison of two different things
metaphor

hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
hyperbole

alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds

personification
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
personification

idiom
an expression having a special meaning different from the usual meanings of the words (example “up the creek without a paddle” means a situation involving trouble)
idiom

onomatopoeia
the use of words that sound like what they mean, such as “hiss,” “buzz,” “slam,” and “boom”
onomatopoeia

hyperbole
The lottery winner’s grin stretched from New York City to Los Angeles.
hyperbole

personification
Even diamonds are jealous of your beauty.
personification

idiom
After kicking a goal Tony felt on top of the world.
idiom

simile
The snow covered hills in the distance were like welcoming pillows to the returning mountain climbers.
simile

metaphor
As she dreamed about winning her eyes became stars twinkling with the possibilities.
metaphor

personification
The storm stared me down to my core with it’s beady eyes.
personification

idiom
We need a home run to win; keep your finger’s crossed.
idiom

simile
The fog curled over the tombstones like locks of hair.
simile

metaphor
Our lives are grapes, bitter and sweet.
metaphor

simile
Track coaches look for runners who sprint as fast as cheetahs.
simile

alliteration
Spellbinding stories spin the imagination of listeners.

personification
The rose stretched her arms out and yawned after a long winter’s nap.
personification

personification
The climbing rope laughed at my weak efforts but I just laughed along.
personification

onomatopoeia
The thump, boom, bang of my sister hitting tennis balls against our garage door was very irritating.
onomatopoeia

hyperbole
Many Americans have never-ending bottomless pits on Thanksgiving.
hyperbole

hyperbole
The lunch line reached from the beginning to the end of the Great Wall of China.
hyperbole

metaphor
My binder is an overflowing sea of papers.
metaphor

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