English III Honors Mid-Term

Why was the chief’s wife dream considered sad?
Her dream was of power and the Native Americans felt the quest for power leads to sadness. Power is portrayed as a bad thing.

Where does evil come from according to “Walam Olum”
An evil Manito brought evil into the world. Man does not bring evil upon themselves and man is not responsible for bad in the world.

To what do Native Americans attribute bad things happening?
When bad things happen, they feel balance was lost and gods are responding.

Major cause of unhappiness according to “Walam Olum”
evil spirits

Main purpose of Walam Olum is to explain
how the world was created

In the Onondaga myth, “The Earth on Turtle Back,” the ancient leader feels __ about his wife’s dream
sad

One of the heroes in the Onondaga myth was
the muskrat

Myths were often created in order to
explain the mystery of creation

Examples of subjective details in The General History of Virginia
Smith’s dislike of the other leaders of Jamestown
President was weak in judgement
Smith had good words, kept promises
Indians are “Barbarians”
Indians admire Smith
Belief that God saved them

Why did John Smith write part of The General History of Virginia in the 3rd person?
It adds credibility to the account. He can make himself seem great with more validity rather than just sounding arrogant.

Why didn’t the settlers like the President?
He was selfish and kept his food supply to himself while the other settlers starved.

How does Smith impress the Indians who capture him?
He shows them his compass and in exchange for guns, Powhatan allows him to return to Jamestown.

Smith’s purpose for writing The General History of Virginia
He wanted to show there were many obstacles and even though success may not have been instant, the obstacles were overcome and they were successful.

What does Smith emphasize in order to persuade other English people of the eventual success of his settlement.
His treatment by Native Americans

What Puritan belief is important in Of Plymouth Plantation?
Acceptance of human unworthiness

Objective details in Of Plymouth Plantation
the ship was heavily damaged by winds and fierce storms
John Howland fell overboard but was saved by a rope
Indians who spoke some English helped the settlers and made peace with them upon specific terms

Bradford contrasts the behavior of the pilgrims with that of the seamen in order to
emphasize the compassionate nature of Puritanism

What was Bradford’s purpose in writing Of Plymouth Plantation?
Bradford is writing to other Puritans. He is trying to show them that God took care of them and hoped it would persuade other Puritans to join them in the New World.

Some Puritan values that are stressed in Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
strong work ethic
faith in the face of adversity
vengeful God
God is all powerful
God is primary thing in life

Jonathan Edwards compares his audience to the
Israelites; they too have strayed away from God.

Jonathan Edwards’s audience was
Puritans and other protestant faith practices

The purpose of Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God was to
bring Puritans back to the church

Edwards’s message was
God is all sustaining; you have fallen away (as did the Israelites). Only God’s mercy will/is keeping you from hell. You must repent and rejoin the church

In his sermon, Edwards assumes the members of his congregation believe that they are
wicked

When Edwards compares each person in his audience to a spider, or ” some loathsome insect (held) over the fire,” he does so to emphasize each persons
powerlessness in comparison to God

At the end of his sermon, what does Edwards imply is the only way to escape God’s wrath?
Conversion to Puritanism

Ways in which Anne Bradstreet displays Puritanism in “To My Dear and Loving Husband”
the heavens are rewarding her with love
God will recompense her husband for loving her so well

Ways in which Anne Bradstreet is not Puritan
she talks about riches from earth
she loves her husband over God
focuses on love/emotion
the poem was written by a woman

Poetic Devices used in To My Dear and Loving Husband
repetition (to build an emotion)
personification
metaphor
rhyme scheme
imagery

In “To My Dear and Loving Husband,” which device most helps Bradstreet to create the single, unified effect of a lyric poem?
Repeating images relating to the richness of her marital love

What is the main idea of “To My Dear and Loving Husband”
Bradstreet loves her husband above all earth things

Franklin’s purpose for writing The Autobiography
to set an example for others and to show that he tried to achieve perfection; he shows himself in a good light.

What virtue gives Franklin the most trouble
order

The aim of Franklin’s scheme in “Of moral Perfection” is to
eliminate his faults

Toward the end of his life, he realized that striving for perfection brought him
happiness

Which view of America is most strongly implied in the selection from Franklin’s Autobiography
It’s a land of opportunity

“Love thy neighbor, yet don’t pull down your hedge stresses the value of
Prudence

Recurring themes and lessons in Poor Richard’s Almanac
friendship; to be careful
prudence (good sense)
value of experience
hard work

Poor Richard’s Almanac is a contrast to Franklin’s Autobiography in that it
focuses on othe rpeople
is more critical of people
points out flaws rather than accept imperfection

In The Declaration of Independence, Jefferson believes that he is justified in his complaints because
God entitled him to these copmlaints

Jefferson uses what literary device to prove his point
repetition

Purpose of the Declaration:
lists injustices of king and shows the colonists have jurisdiction to declare independence

Jefferson’s audience
England; the public at large/ the world

The declaration of independence suggests that Jefferson’s attitude toward breaking away from Britain is probably one of
Reluctant firmness

Paine’s audience is
men who have given up but are needed to fight

How does Paine persuade men to fight?
he uses emotion

Paine’s purpose
to spur soldiers onward and to fight now

Prominent literary devices in Paine’s Crisis
aphorisms
charged words
anecdote
call to action (Paine does not call to God like most other calls to action do)
metaphor
Personification

What is the main point in Paine’s The Crisis
The colonists must endure despite hardships

Paine uses the “summer soldier” and “sunshine patriot” to refer to
Those who support the Revolution only when it is convenient

As a man of the Enlightenment, Paine valued
logic

In citing examples of the oppression that has brought the colonists to this point, Jefferson lays the blame on
the king alone

Around what specific ideas does Henry organize his speech
there is no longer any possibility

An “American” as defined in Letters from an American Farmer is
a mix of blood, a man who embraces new life, new government, new rank, new manners

In “Letters from an American Farmer” Crevecoeur’s overall attitude toward Americans is one of
admiration

In the same work, Crevecoeur states that “Formerly [the poor of Europe] were not numbered in any civil lists of their country, except in those of the poor; [in America] they rank as citizens.” In his view America differs from Europe because it:
encourages its people to prosper

Anaphora is best described as
repetition at the beginning of a sentence

Purpose of Patrick Henry’s Speech
to convince delegates of the need for armed resistence against the feared british attack.

What characteristic of Puritan townspeople is stressed in The Devil and Tom Walker
the people are poor and becoming greedy

In what was is Tom Walker a stereotyped character?
He symbolizes human greed and misery

A main lesson of The Devil and Tom Walker is
Greed leads to misery

It can be inferred from The Devil and Tom Walker that many Puritan’s believed in
witches and spirits

Which of these observations about the story stems from the use of an omniscient narrator
The narrator makes clear the motives and desires of Tom and his wife

Romanticism in literature includes all of the following beliefs EXCEPT
Man’s reliance on God comes before everything else

The main point of Old Ironsides
the boat is a symbol of pride and victory due to past events
directed towards American society to convey patriotism even 116 years later

purpose of writing Old Ironsides
the ship was going to be destroyed and this was written to persuade people to preserve it and only let it be destroyed in battle

In “Old Ironsides” what personality trait does the author give the ship?
heroism

Man’s view of nature in the period of romanticism was
Harmony

The main point of A Psalm of Life
life should be lived; always remember tomorrow is a step further in our lives; we are always dying but we should live life to the fullest. Don’t dwell on the past or future; live in the now!

A Psalm of Life” urges people to
act

The First Snowfall depicts nature
as a healer and as something that can bring back memories
nature is God’s vessel for healing and God works through nature
nature is a comforting presence

After he made a deal with the Devil, Tom Walker lived a lifestyle characterized by
Privation (lack of necessities)

In The First Snowfall James Russel Lowell kisses his alive daughter as
a last goodbye to his dead daughter

Central poetic device in Thanatopsis
personification of nature

Thanatopsis means
view of death

For people who have a relationship with nature, nature…
speaks different languages; when a man is happy, nature smiles. When man is sad, nature is comforting

When we die, according to Bryant, what happens?
we don’t exist in life and earth claims our growth. We mix in the dirt and are no longer present in the visible world. We decompose and become part of nature

Bryant’s main point in Thanatopsis
live life to its fullest and embrace death when it comes knowing you will experience pleasant dreams.

The central theme of “The First Snowfall” comments on
The sadness and spiritual recovery from loss

Which word best describes Longfellow’s attitude toward death in “The Tide rises, The Tide Falls”?
accepting

The main theme of The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls
accept that death is going to happen and after you die, life goes on. You are a temporary footprint and nature will go on without you. You’re just part of an inevitable ongoing process: life and death.

Overriding device in The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls
repetition
onamatapia

Although at first Poe is afraid of the raven, he eventually
becomes attached to the Raven and is sad that the Raven will leave him

Poe suspects the bird may be ____ because he is driving Poe crazy
the devil

What does Poe ask the Raven?
Poe wants the bird to tell him about Lenore in heaven and asks if she is an angel

Poe’s unified effect
fear

How is The Raven romantic?
focus on feelings/emotions
imagination
nature acting on man in a dark way

Which of the following best describes Poe’s single effect
Every element in a piece of short fiction should contribute to giving the reader the same feeling

How do sound devices relate to the speaker’s state of mind in “The Raven”?
they stress his irrationality

One theme of The Fall of the House of Usher is
A person who is isolated can give into destructive imagination

Usher can best be described as
nervous and excitable

Which detail or details early in the story foreshadows, or hints at, the end of the Fall of the House of Usher?
the narrator’s fear of the tarn

Roderick is scared because he suspects the nosies around the house are caused by
his dead sister who he fears they bury alive

When Madeline appears what kills Roderick
fear

Nature has a similar meaning to that of
Thanatopsis

Nature emphasizes that
every individual is equal in nature. there is no self centeredness and in nature, you become aware of yourself in the world

Which of the following qualities does Emerson promote in Nature and Self- Reliance?
Intuition

In Walden, Thoreau defines success as
living out one’s dreams

Walden encourages people to live their lives how?
He believed people needed to simplify their lives and rekindle their connection with nature.

According to Thoreau, government is all except
capable of wiser decisions than its citizens

Thoreau makes it clear in Civil Obedience that he believes the government is
easily corrupt and manipulated

How is the concept of the “Over-Soul” best defined?
it is the spiritual link between humanity, God, and the rest of creation

Thoreau believed that what some people call improvements are superfluous or –.
unnecessary

According to Emerson, — will remember those who are not afraid to be misunderstood:
posterity

According to Self-Reliance, man can discover his powers through
nature

Emerson feels society is selfish and that they should
accept God’s place for them and their destiny

In Self-Reliance Emerson stresses that you are great if,
you are an individual, a nonconformist

According to Self- Reliance, society most values
conformity

Emily Dickinson was influenced by whom?
Emerson and Thoreau (transcendentalists)

What was Dickinson’s approach to nature?
She did not glorify it and described it as it was

Common imagery used by Dickinson
light vs. dark
nature as the observer (personification of nature)
contrasts

Emily Dickinson is known for being an
observer

In Leaves of Grass Whitman celebrates
all the imperfect aspects (every leave) of America which make up a kaleidoscope of images and lifestyles making America the greatest poem

In Song of Myself Whitman’s tone is
happy

What type of lifestyle does Whitman emphasize?
outdoors lifestyle where one lives in harmony with nature

Is Whitman a transcendentalist or an anti-transcendentalist?
transcendentalist

In I Hear America Sining Whitman stresses that
everything is worth mentioning

Main Point of Dickinson’s I Heard A Fly Buzz-When I Died
In death, despite preparations and ceremonies, she is with the most simplest creature-a fly. She has an accepting attitude towards death.

Main Point of Dickinson’s I Could Not Stop for Death
Life is like a carriage ride toward your death but death is kindly
The author is “leaving life” with death. She is excluded from life and looking at her life from a new viewpoint.

Main Point of Dickinson’s Parting
Painful experiences such as a loved one dying can feel like death has come onto yourself.

Main Point of Dickinson’s There is a Solitude of Peace
People will only find complete solitude when they look into their soul and into themselves. There is solitude in space, sea, and death but society can only truly find solitude inside of themselves. You find solitude within yourself.

Main Point of Dickinson’s the Soul Selects her Own Society
Your soul chooses the one person who completes and then shuts off to everyone else.

Main Point of Dickinson’s There’s a Certain Slant of Light
The slant of light brings a sad feeling about you. You know that what’s coming is darkness. This somewhat deals with death.

Main Point of Dickinson’s Water is Taught by Thirst
Message: you don’t know what you’ve got until it’s gone you learn things from the opposite and define things by the opposite. Metaphors and contrasts are used to show this.

Main Point of Dickinson’s Tell the Truth but Tell it Slant
You should regulate the truth. Truth in moderation—sometimes the truth could be negative or is too great. The truth can be blinding because it can be too much to absorb.
The truth must be told overtime or no one will know the real truth or understand it.

Main Point of Dickinson’s How Happy is the Little Stone
Simplicity and serene alone time can bring happiness. The central image is a stone, alone in the middle of a road.

Main Point of Dickinson’s Epigram
The author is writing a letter to the world asking them to be kind because the world is created by nature and God’s hands are at the center of all nature.

Main Point of Dickinson’s Fame is A Fickle Food
Fame can be a man’s downfall. Fame is transitory and always changing. It is a bad thing and leads you wanting.

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