English 2130

The Declaration of Independence vocabulary: What is the best definition of the word “consanguine”
A) Married to a blood relation.
B) Of optimistic temperament.
C) Of the same blood. Related.
D) Bloody-minded. Ready for war

Jefferson’s claims about natural rights – the idea that “all men are created equal,” that “they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights” – are presented in the Declaration as
A) philosophies borrowed from the French.
B) divisive and controversial positions.
C) radical new ideas.
D) common-sense concepts that were already well established and widely accepted.

The narrator of “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” mentions her “dreaded fate.” What is her “dreaded fate”?
A) To become her master’s mistress
B) To watch her children be sold into slavery
C) To be a slave the rest of her life
D) To watch her lover be beaten and be able to do nothing to help

Who is the father of Linda’s children?
A) An unnamed slave of Dr. Flint’s
B) Dr. Flint
C) Mr. Sands, a white unmarried gentleman
D) Her lover, the free black man

True or False: The Indian leader Red Jact believed that Indians are capable of being good Christians and should be encouraged and given the chance to do so.
A) True
B) False

What is the translation of Red Jacket’s Indian name, Sagoyewatha?
A) “Goes from one place to another”
B) “Red Jacket”
C) “he keeps them awake”
D) “he leads the people”

Red Jacket believed that Indians should be assimilated into the main culture of American society.
A) True
B) False

In “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl,” what happens to the 300 dollars Linda’s grandmother saved baking biscuits?
A) She gave it to a union of slaves.
B) She bought her son Benjamin out of slavery.
C) It was stolen by Dr. Flint.
D) She loaned it to her mistress.

What emotions does the narrator have when her father’s old mistress gives her baby girl a gold necklace at her christening?
A) She is overjoyed, because now she can purchase her child from slavery.
B) She is happy because her daughter might be able to sell the chain to pay for her education.
C) She is upset, because even though the necklace is gold, it is still a chain representing slavery.
D) She is sad as she recalls her own upbringing as a slave and contrasts it with her daughter’s life.

Which passage uses the rhetorical device of Logos (rather than Ethos or Pathos) to persuade the reader? The link to a rhetorical analysis of The Declaration of Independence in this week’s notes will be helpful in answering this question.
A) The merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
B) When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them to another . . .
C) We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal . . . .
D) He [King George] has already begun with circumstances of Cruetly and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

In what ways was the Great Awakening a response to the philosophy of John Locke? (You might review pages 160 and 161 for the answer to this question.)
A) It called for the religious to accept the concept of Tabula Rasa (the blank slate).
B) It argued against everything Locke said.
C) It embraced Locke’s call for fellow-feeling and sentiment, calling for an emotional commitment to God.
D) It borrowed the cool calculation of Enlightenment reason to argue for religious fervor.

According to most sources, how is the Declaration organized? Into how many sections is it divided?
A) 3
B) 8
C) 5
D) 2

When Linda escapes from Dr. Flint, where does she hide?
A) In her grandmother’s attic.
B) In Mr. Sands’s office.
C) In a small cottage in the woods.
D) In some woods, briefly, before heading North.

According to Red Jacket, why is the fact that the Indians couldn’t read important? How does it help prove his argument?
A) All of the above.
B) Native Americans rely more on emotion than reason, and hence don’t need the written word.
C) Teaching Native Americans to read would require establishing expensive schools, and neither the Indians nor the white man would be willing to pay for the expense.
D) If God had wanted the Indians to read the bible, he would have given them the power to read it.

Which two intellectual beliefs best typified the Enlightenment as experienced in America? (Review pages 166 – 167.)
A) Region offered the truest lens by which to view reality, and God’s grace would provide the moral compass for all individuals.
B) The infinite universe was impossible to understand, and people increasingly felt themselves to be masters of their own spiritual destinies.
C) People’s minds were capable of comprehending and understanding the world, and mutual sympathy between all people ought to be the basis for moral choice.
D) Science and technology have made religion obsolete, and human beings are cogs in a great natural machine without any real choice.

Which of the following is not a grievance listed in the Declaration?
A) inciting Native American warfare
B) compelling colonists to join the Church of England
C) dissolution of colonial legislative bodies
D) imposition of taxes without consent

Why does Linda not want Mrs. Bruce to purchase her freedom for her?
A) She doesn’t want to be purchased like a piece of property.
B) She doesn’t want to move and leave her children.
C) She wants to negotiate with Mr. Dodge herself.
D) She knows the cost of her freedom will be expensive, and she doesn’t know how she will ever reimburse Mrs. Bruce.

Which of the following describes the legal status of white American women in the eighteenth century? ( You might review page 166 for this answer.)
A) Women were not considered citizens.
B) Women were equal to men but couldn’t vote.
C) Women could only vote if they owned property.
D) Women couldn’t vote, own property, or earn wages.

What point did Jefferson make about slavery in his first draft of the Declaration?
A) He complained that the King had imposed the slave system on American colonists against their wishes.
B) He insisted that slavery would be central to the economy of any independent American government.
C) He clarified that he did not intend to include African Americans in the statement “All men are created equal.”
D) He claimed that British authorities were hampering the American economy by restricting the slave trade.

One of the most substantive changes the Continental Congress made to Jefferson’s draft of the Declaration was to
A) remove Jefferson’s reference to Native Americans as “merciless savages.”
B) Add a section articulating a position on women’s rights.
C) remove his denunciation of the slave trade.
D) substitute the word “God” for “deity.”

Emily Dickinson’s poetry is distinctive for its frequent use of
A) ellipses and semicolons
B) all lowercase letters
C) dashes and unusual capitalization
D) two-line stanzas

Many of Dickinson’s poems focus on which of the following?
A) Her Puritan ancestors
B) War
C) Abolition and reform
D) Death

According to your textbbok’s summary of the years 1820 -1865 (pages 431 – 450) , Why is Emerson’s essay “The American Scholar” (1837) often called a “declaration of cultural independence”?
A) His essay boldly proposes that all Americans subscribe to the Unitarian Church.
B) His essay rejects the literary nationalism of the 1820s because of its bombastic and overreaching excesses.
C) His essay adapted European Romanticism in order to argue for a clean break from America’s dependence on European traditions.
D) His essay famously argued that American intellectuals needed to see the world as it was, stripped of illusions caused by notions of divinity and religion.

According to the “Norton Anthology” (pages 431-450), which two cities were the major publishing hub in the U.S. before 1840?
A) New York City and Washington, D.C.
B) Philadephia and Boston
C) New York City and Boston
D) New York City and Philadelphia

Given what you know about Dickinson’s and Whitman’s writing styles, which poet would have been more likely to write the following line: “Doom is the House without the Door –“?
A) Emily Dickinson
B) Walt Whitman

What was the name of the first book of poetry Walt Whitman published (himself, anonymously)?
A) The Road not Taken
B) Leaves of Grass
C) The Patriot
D) Colors of the Wind

According to the introductory material in your textbook, Which of the following best describes Emersonian Transcendentalism?
A) A focus on the ability of the individual to break free from some constraints and realize the God-Life powers of the imagination.
B) A group of thinkers that met every three months at Walden Pond to decide how best to preserve the natural environment.
C) A coherent set of theories dedicated to finding and reporting miracles that happened to everyday people.
D) A dedication to a rational and scientific explanation of the universe.

Which set of Americans does Walt Whitman NOT attempt to speak for?
A) Women
B) Southern Slave Owners
C) African Americans
D) He wants to speak for all Americans

In Dickinson’s poem “Much Madness is divinest Sense,” on page 1216, what does she imply causes individuals to be labeled insane by society?
A) If a person is too religious.
B) If a person disagrees with society’s rules.
C) If a person casts an “Evil Eye” on others.
D) If a person appears to have no common Sense.

In Whitman’s poem “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer,” on page 1067, how does the audience’s reaction to the astronomer’s lecture differ from the speaker’s reaction?
A) The audience doesn’t understand the astronomer’s attempt to reach for the stars.
B) The speaker becomes bored with the lecture and needs to experience the stars directly.
C) The speaker feels ashamed because he doesn’t understand the charts and diagrams.
D) The audience does not enjoy the lecture, while the speaker clearly does appreciate it.

According to the introductory material about this period in the “Norton Anthology,” Which best describes Emersonian Transcendentalism?
A) A focus on the ability of the individual to break free from the social constraints and realize the God-Like powers of the imagination.
B) A full-fledged movement of American Romantic poets dedicated to exploring religion and spirituality.
C) A group of thinkers that met every three months at Walden Pond to decide how best to preserve the natural environment.
D) A coherent set of theories dedicated to finding and reporting miracles that happen to everyday people.

Judging by poems such as “I’m Nobody,” on page 1204, how does Emily Dickinson feel about publication?
A) She would do anything to see her work in print.
B) She is angry that her father has prevented her from publishing.
C) She sees publishing as degrading to the work of a poet.
D) She is self-mocking about her failure to sell her poems.

In describing “To Build a Fire,” which statement is most true?
A) The main character is intuitive about people and events, but not practical.
B) The main character is wise in the things of life, but not in the significances.
C) The main character is willing to brave the wilderness, but he is not quick or alert.
D) The main character exercises his imagination, but not his compassion.

What might the word “pall” indicate in the first paragraph of “To Build a Fire”?
A) The word “pall” means “to tire of,” and indicates the main character’s weariness with life itself.
B) The word “pall” can mean a covering for a coffin, and hence points to the story’s focus on death, as in “pall-bearer.”
C) The word “pall” means a dark covering, and the word foreshadows the dark clouds at the beginning of the narrative which lead to the terribly cold weather the man must combat.

In what year was the Transcontinental Railroad completed?
A) 1869
B) 1899
C) 1849
D) 1919

What did Edgar Allan Poe consider the most fitting subject for a poem?
A) The unity of effect.
B) The grotesque, macabre, and supernatural.
C) His own premature burial.
D) The death of a beautiful woman.

In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” how does the narrator kill the old man?
A) He smothers him with his own bed.
B) He burns the house with fire from a lantern.
C) He frightens the old man, causing him to have a heart attack.
D) He stabs the offending eye-ball.

Which statement best describes literary Naturalism?
A) Naturalism represented life truly through a series of exterior descriptions of characters based on their class, wealth, psychology, and ethnic background.
B) Naturalism focused on how life ought to be lived by repeatedly suggesting ideal moral and spiritual significances behind seemingly ordinary narrative events.
C) Naaturalism presented characters living harmoniously with the natural landscape and suggested that readers had a responsibility to care for the environment.
D) Naturalism depicted a world in which Fate had replaced Free Will, characters were products of their environments, and events usually did not turn out for the best.

A clock or any device that counts the time can sometimes be used as a symbol for death. In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” how many times is the word “watch” mentioned?
A) six
B) two
C) three
D) four

At which Port did most Chinese and Japanese immigrants arrive in the U.S.?
A) Boston
B) Chicago
C) New York
D) San Francisco

In “To Build a Fire,” The narrator uses the phrase: “It was his own fault or, rather, his mistake. He should not have bult the fire under the spruce tree. He should have built it in the open.” How might the change from “fault” to “mistake” relate to the philosophy of Naturalism or Determinism?
A) The man should have used less imagination and more reason when choosing the location for his fire.
B) “Fault” implies moral responsibility. “Mistake” does not.
C) God could punish us for our mistakes, but he will accept our faults.

How is nature represented in Jack London’s “To Build a Fire”?
A) Nature is malevolent and cruel, taking delight in punishing human beings for their arrogance.
B) Nature is indifferent and unplanned; events occur at random rather than as a result of providence.
C) Nature is described with a sense of romanticized loss, since we once believed that the natural environment was ordered and designed on our behalf, but can’t do so any longer.
D) Nature attacks and affronts the main character, but only because the narrative purposefully creates artifically terrible situations that seem ironic and unreal.

Which explanation of Desiree’s parentage does Madame Valmonde finally accept?
A) She had run away from her own parents.
B) She was the illegitimate child of Monsieur Valmonde and an octoroon maid.
C) She had been abandoned by the stone pillar by reckless Texans.
D) Providence had bequeathed Desiree to her, for she was childless.

Which of the following items was not burned at the end of the story in Armand’s bonfire?
A) the cradle Desiree’s baby slept in
B) letters Desiree had sent him before they married
C) the corbeille he had ordered for Desiree from Paris
D) a letter from Madame Valmonde attesting to Desiree’s white lineage

Why has L’Abri, the Aubigny mansion, come to seem a “sad looking place” to Madame Valmonde?
A) She believes that the house needs a woman’s touch.
B) She misses Desiree, and approaching her daughter’s new home reminds her of the past.
C) Aubigny’s habit of being strict with his servants has tarnished the house’s once-proud reputation.
D) She has a sense of foreboding about what will happen to Desiree now that she has married.

Under what circumstances did Armand Aubigny fall in love with Desiree?
A) He met her in a Paris nightclub and brought her home to America.
B) Aubigny had known her as a child and had always been in love with her.
C) He rode by one day, saw her by a stone pillar, and was smitten.
D) Though she was his neighbor, he did not love her until they both met one year at Mardi Gras in New Orleans.

What happens to Desiree after she obtains Armand’s permission for herself and the baby to live with the Valmondes again?
A) Armand calls her back and they are reconciled.
B) She leaves for some weeks, but Armand eventually apologizes.
C) She returns to Valmonde, and Armand does not see her again.
D) Desiree disappears.

As discussed in this week’s Blogs, “Desiree’s Baby” contains features of several Literary Genres. Which Literary Genre fits this story least?
A) Literary Realism
B) Fairy Tales
C) Local Color
D) Romanticism

As discussed in this week’s Blogs, which character might be considered a tragic figure because she or he must make a choice between Pride and Love?
A) Armand
B) Desiree
C) La Blanche
D) Madame Valmonde

After looking at the Biographical notes in our textbook and at this week’s Biography Blog, with which contemporary author did Kate Chopin most identify because of his simple way of telling us what he saw?
A) Emile Zola
B) Gustave Flaubert
C) Guy de Maupassant
D) William Faulkner

What changes in Armand’s behavior has Desiree noticed after her son is born?
A) The cost of the French corbeille and the baby’s layette has sent him into debt, and his mood has grown pensive and anxious.
B) Armand is so pleased with his son that he has stopped punishing his servants.
C) Armand cannot help talking about his son’s future and the prospect of more children.
D) Armand compare his son’s eyes to Desiree’s once a day.

When Armand is cruel to Desiree at the end of the story, “he stabbed thus into his wife’s soul” – on whom is he trying to get revenge?
A) His father
B) God
C) Desiree
D) His mother

Judging from the biographical information and poems included in the Norton Anthology (page 1037 – on) , what musical traditions most influenced the cadance and rhythm of Langston Hughes’s poetry?
A) military band music
B) classical music
C) jazz and blues
D) rock and roll

Hughes’s tone in “I, Too” could best be described as
A) proud and confident
B) bitter and vengeful
C) disheartened and dejected
D) content and complacent

Dunbar’s poem “Sympathy” uses an extended metaphor in which he compares the plights of African Americans (and,it could be argued, all oppressed peoples and individuals) to which of the following?
A) A blind mole doomed to live in the dark
B) A moth beating its wings against a window
C) An African American man wrongly jailed
D) A singing bird in a cage

Based on the information in our textbook, pages 656 – 658, in what way did the social debates of the 1920s mirror Ralph Waldo Emerson’s belief, in the 1840s, that “Whosoever would be a man, must be a non-conformist”?
A) small town vaules of respectability and duty clashed with new emphases on diversity and tolerance in the younger generation.
B) slower-paced small-town lifestyles were replaced by faster, hectic urban alternatives as more and more Americans adopted city fashions and lifestyles.
C) after a long period of expansion from the East to the Midwest and West, Americans began to migrate from the central small towns back to the coastal cities.
D) relatively tolerant small-town sexual values gave way to a national religious zeal to fight what some considered to be a too permisive American culture.

Your textbook states that the years between World War I and World War II bracket an era called “Modernism.” Partially as a result of the industrial needs of World War I, opportunities developed for African Americans in the factories of the North. That movement north was called
A) The Great Migration
B) Exclusionary Immigration
C) The Harlem Renaissance
D) The Opportunities of Crisis

The McKay poem “The Harlem Dancer” seems to be informal, but it is actually written in a strict 14-line format with alternating rhymes and a closing couplet. According to the “Norton Anthology,” this form is called which of the following?
A) haiku
B) sestina
C) sonnet
D) villanelle

Which neighborhood of New York City became the site of a sudden flowering of artistic expression by African Americans in the 1920s and 1930s?
A) Chelsea
B) SoHo
C) Greenwich Village
D) Harlem

In the Langston Hughes poem “Theme for English B,” the speaker directly addresses
A) an employer
B) a romantic partner
C) a college instructor
D) a fellow student

Many of the Harlem Renaissance poets used an informal,colloquial writing style. However,which of the poets in this week’s readings uses a more formal writing style, diction, and subject matter, sometimes drawing his examples from classical mythology?
A) Sterling Brown
B) Paul Laurence Dunbar
C) Claude McKay
D) Countee Cullen

According to our textbook, pages 658 – 659, Why did the writings of Karl Marx appeal to so many Amerian writers and intellectuals in the 1920s and 30s?
A) Marx’s economic ideas explained the growing inequalities between labor and management, and his politcal agenda offered a means to help struggling workers.
B) anarchists and anti-Democracy agitators saw Communism as a convenient vehicle to overthrow American government.
C) after 1917 Americans of Russian descent hoped to replicate the Communist revolution in social welfare within the United States.
D) When the Great Depression exacerbated the tensions between owners and workers, Marx’s explanation of such tensions became widely popular.

Steinbeck’s style in “The Leader of the People” is best described as
A) florid and intellectual
B) plain and straightforward
C) stream of consciousness
D) melodramatic

Which author discussed in this week’s readings would the following description represent? ” [His] lifestyle seemed to symbolize the two decades; in the 1920s he stood for all-night partying, drinking, and the pursuit of pleasure while in the 1930s he stood for the gloomy aftermath of excess.”
A) John Frederick Turner
B) William Faulkner
C) F. Scott Fitzgerald
D) John Steinbeck

In “The Leader of the People,” whose father is Grandfather?
A) Billy Buck’s
B) Jody’s
C) Ruth’s
D) Carl’s

According to the section of our textbook titled “Modernist Manifestos” (pages 794 – 795), which claim would be most true?
A) Manifestos were generally clear, calm,level headed, and most importantly, not hostile, in order to best convince their readers of the truth of their assertions.
B) The word “manifesto” is derived from the Latin, and means “to make public”.
C) The authors of most Modern manifestos were careful not to divide the audience into old “us and them” stereotypes.
D) The writers of manifestos generally had one specific audience in mind.

Which of the following names the theory that the rugged and independent American character has largely been formed by our need to overcome the obstacles we have faced in the process of settling this large and wild continent.
A) the Germ theory
B) the Frontier theory
C) the Independence theory
D) the Destiny theory

Which of this week’s major 20th century American authors wrote about the ups and downs of high society life in the 1920s and 1930s?
A) Fitzgerald
B) Faulkner
C) Steinbeck
D) Hemingway

In “the Leader of the People,” what does Grandfather say was most important about his leadership while crossing the plains?
A) the gun battles
B) the Native Americans
C) It was a whole bunch of people made into one big crawling beast
D) the adventure

Which of the authors studied this week wrote one story about settling the West and many novels set during the “Dust Bowl” era?
A) John Steinbeck
B) F. Scott Fitzgerald
C) Ernest Hemingway
D) F. Scott Turner

Carl Tiflin resents Jody’s grandfather because
A) he mistreats horses.
B) he respects Billy more than Carl.
C) he repeatedly tells the same stories.
D) he works for Paisanos’ rights.

Which of this week’s 20th century authors was an advocate for the poor and working class? He wanted to fight for justice for those who couldn’t speak for themselves.
A) Faulkner
B) Fitzgerald
C) Steinbeck
D) Hemingway

In “A Rose for Emily,” why does Miss Emily buy the arsenic?
A) To poison herself
B) As medication
C) To poison Mr. Grierson
D) To poison Homer

Which of this week’s authors espoused a manly code of conduct and wrote in a spare, taut writing style.
A) Fitzgerald
B) Faulkner
C) Steinbeck
D) Hemingway

Which of this week’s 20th century authors invented his own Southern city and county in which many of his stories take place? (He is also known for a complex writing style with shifts in time and point of view.)
A) Hemingway
B) Faulkner
C) Steinbeck
D) Fitzgerald

Who told Miss Emily she didn’t have to pay taxes?
A) The townspeople
B) Colonel Sartoris
C) The alderman
D) The current mayor

What artistic talent does Miss Emily possess in “A Rose for Emily”?
A) Embroidery
B) China painting
C) Still-life painting
D) Pottery

In “A Rose for Emily,” when Miss Emily dies, how many years had it been since the townspeople had seen the inside of Emily’s house?
A) 1 year
B) 1 week
C) 20 years
D) 10 years

What reason does Judge Stevens give for not confronting Miss Emily about the bad smell coming from her house? Which answer is the most correct?
A) he is too busy planning his trip to see his mistress
B) he’s afraid of Miss Emily
C) he wants to tell her manservant to take care of the problem instead of confronting her
D) he doesn’t want to accuse a lady of smelling bad

In “A Rose for Emily,” who is considered to be “a Northerner, a day laborer”?
A) Mr. Grierson
B) Homer Barron
C) Baron Homer
D) Colonel Sartoris

At what point in Miss Emily’s life does this story begin?
A) Miss Emily’s romance
B) Miss Emily’s poisoning
C) Miss Emily’s death
D) Miss Emily’s birth and childhood

In “A Rose for Emily,” Colonel Sartoris felt Negro women should wear what?
A) hats
B) aprons
C) handkerchiefs
D) skirts

Based on the general introductory information in the Norton Anthology for this time period, what was the name of the small, experiemental theater group founded in 1915 by Susan Glaspell, Eugene O’Neill, and other dramatists in order to challenge Broadway’s control over the American drama scene?
A) the Provincetown Players
B) the Wall Street Theater Guild
C) the Williamsburg Travelling Troupe
D) the Actors’ Studio

Based on the general information about American Drama 1914-1945 in our textbook, which of the following types of dramas performed in the United States during this period was NOT a distinctively American innovation (rather than one borrowed or adapted from another culture)?
A) Eugene O’Neill’s structural experiments with lighting and stage production.
B) Moss Hart and George Kaufman’s wisecracking domestic comedies.
C) Clifford Odets’ radical social commentaries, like “Waiting for Lefty.”
D) Oscar Hammerstein and Richard Rogers’s musical comedies.

The county Attorney in “Trifles” feels that the case lacks
A) nothing: it’s open and shut.
B) an opportunity for the murder to be committed.
C) a murder weapon.
D) a motive.

Mrs. Hale feels her own crime is worse than Mrs. Wright’s crime of murdering her husband. What does Mrs. Hale feel her own crime is?
A) She hasn’t visited Minnie enough.
B) She didn’t report spousal abuse when she should have.
C) She hid the evidence of Mrs. Wright’s crime from the men.
D) She hasn’t been a “good” enough wife.

Throughout most of the play “Trifles,” Mrs. Peters represents the side of the law. What memory is it that finally allows her to sympathize with Mrs. Wright’s plight of being all alone -isolated and “still” in a cold rural farmhouse?
A) Her father’s suicide by hanging.
B) The death of her first baby when she was in Dakota.
C) The dead bird with a twisted neck in its birdcage.
D) The aroma of her mother’s home cooking.

Mr. Hale initially drops by John Wright’s house to ask him
A) For help unloading his potato crop in town.
B) To share a party phone line.
C) If he is feeling better during his recovery from pneumonia.
D) If he can buy firewood, as his home lacks heat.

What does Mrs. Peters discover in the pantry?
A) a suicide letter
B) a birdcage
C) a dead cat
D) Mrs. Wright’s journal

Which of the following is not mentioned as dead in the play?
A) Mrs. Wright’s husband
B) Mrs. Peters’s first baby
C) The missing bird
D) Mrs. Hale’s daughter

Which is Not a central theme evident in the play “Trifles”?
A) The abrogation of the basic rights for safety and liberty that all females deserve by a male-dominated society.
B) The imperative to do what is morally right regardless of societal and legal constraints and laws.
C) Isolation and the consequences of loneliness.
D) Tradition vs. Naturalism in contemporary society.

Mrs. Hale argues that “Minnie Foster,” who used to sing in the choir, later turned into a frightened, isolated housewife because:
A) Her husband was stingy.
B) She resented Mrs. Hale’s marrying her true love.
C) She wanted to become a professional singer, not a domestic spouse.
D) Her parents forced her into marriage.

Based on this week’s PowerPoint presentation, why did the Theater almost disappear after the Fall of Rome?
A) Schools collapsed and many people could no longer read.
B) People in cities moved to the country, and few venues were left that were large enough to attract and support a theater.
C) The Catholic Church disapproved of Theater.
D) People were too busy trying to survive – they had no time for frivolous pursuits.

According to this week’s PowerPoint presentation, which philosopher claimed the audience should engage in the “willing suspension of disbelief” when watching a play?
A) Sophocles
B) Plato
C) Euripides
D) Aristotle

Provided in this week’s course notes under the folder labeled “Women’s Rights” are two short videos. One of the videos is a performance of a famous speech by Susan B. Anthony. What does Susan B. Anthony claim in that speech?
A) That women are being denied their rights as citizens when they are not granted the right to vote.
B) That legally and morally, women should be given equal pay for equal work.
C) That women should be able to keep custody of their own children if they become divorced as a result of an abusive marriage.
D) That women should provide an example to others by not drinking during Prohibition.

According to the short video provided in this week’s course notes under the folder “Women’s Rights,” who was president during the “Night of Terror”?
A) Jackson
B) Kennedy
C) Wilson
D) Lincoln

According to our textbook, which of the following is a formal literary and plot device that Glaspell uses in several of her works? (And you will need to base your answer on the text of the play rather than the video.)
A) The story does not progress in a straight line.
B) The main character at the center of the story never appears.
C) The story is told from the point of view of several characters.
D) The story has a formulaic happy ending.

Which of this week’s authors wrote the following sentence in a journal: ” . . . Or a heavier, more determined forefinger can reach up and smear down-and-out the soft, resilient, elastic greenish-yellow smallish blobs of mucous, roll them round and jelly-like between thumb and forefinger, and spread them on the under surface of a desk or chair where they will harden into organic crusts”
A) Robert Frost
B) Sylvia Plath
C) Billy Collins
D) Byron Herbert Reece

Which of this week’s poets was the former Poet Laureate of Georgia?
A) Byron Herbert Reece
B) Sylvia Plath
C) Billy Collins
D) Bettie Sellers

According to the Norton Anthology, pages 1082 – 1083, Contemporary literature from the Sixties to the present, in general, is characterized by
A) its dedication to reviving through imitation traditional eighteenth and nineteenth century American Literary forms
B) its commitment to downplaying differnces in race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, class, religion, and region, and instead celebrating a shared national essence
C) its values of heterogeneity in its form and pluralism in its cultural influences
D) its hopelessness in the face of chaotic contemporary political and economic situations and its inability to revive or make relevant traditional literary forms.

Review page 664 about American Modernism in the textbook to answer the following question: Works of modernist literature typically contain fragments, discontinuities, and juxtapositions rather than definitive interpretations, stable perspectives, and traditional plot development. Instead, what kind of overarchng structures did works such as James Joyce’s “Ulysses” and T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” provide their readers?
A) an unreliable narration that records the pespective of central observer, but also provides clues that lead readers to question that person’s conclusions
B) a series of alternating interpretatins by mulitiple voices that together make up a community’s perspective of modern life
C) a “mythic method” that suggested that readers should use classical narratives to make sense of the fragments that make up the texts
D) a collection of symbols that suggest a coherent meaning if readers attend more to images and details than to either plot or character

For which of this week’s “New England” poets would the following descriptors most apply? –Clearness of Diction, colloquial rhythms, simplicity of images, and folksy speakers. — (The poems were a kind of argument against high modernism’s obsurity and difficulty.)
A) Robert Frost
B) Sylvia Plath
C) Byron Herbert Reece
D) Bettie Sellers

Which of this week’s authors wrote the following lines? “And one will loiter in the yard /Soft shadowed by the last of day/As if she waited for a word/From lips three thousand miles away/That yearn to speak against her hair/But, dumb behind the palm of space/Tauten to trembling, while there/Darkness obliterates her face.”
A) Sylvia Plath
B) Bettie Sellers
C) Byron Herbert Reece
D) Robert Frost

Which of this week’s poets wrote poems that drew on inner angst and anguish, and many of the poems talk about suicide, depression, parental anger?
A) Sylvia Plath
B) Byron Herbert Reece
C) Bettie Sellers
D) Billy Collins

Which of this week’s poets wrote a poem about “undressing” Emily Dickinson?
A) Robert Frost
B) Billy Collins
C) Byron Herbert Reece
D) Sylvia Plath

What label came to define poetry by Lowell, Plath, and Sexton, among others, that focused on extreme autobiographical details about sex, divorce, alcoholism, and/or insanity, and in which readers assumed that the lyric voice had lived through those experiences personally?
A) explicit lyrics
B) confessional poetry
C) the poetry of truth
D) experimental poetry

Which of this week’s poets wrote the following lines: “Then, winking moving lights began to stitch/an arch from Sunset Ridge to Raven Cliffs–/planes to Birmingham and points beyond/with travelers drowsing past sleeping hills/folded like dark velvet, with ribbons wound/for lake and stream, silver in reflected light.”
A) Billy Collins
B) Bettie Sellers
C) Byron Herbert Reece
D) Sylvia Plath

Which of this week’s poets wrote the lines, “And sorry I could not travel both/ and be one traveler, long I stood . . .”
A) Robert Frost
B) Sylvia Plath
C) Billy Collins
D) Bettie Sellers

According to the biographical information inour textbook about the contemporary poet Billy Collins, which of the following would Not be true?
A) his poems are frequently funny
B) he celebrates the heroic, rather than the ordinary
C) he loves the things that vanish from our lives
D) the rhythm of his poetry is influenced by jazz music

According to the background reading in our textbook (American Literature since 1945), what event prompted many of the protests on college campuses in the sixties that eventually led to a much larger cultural revolution?
A) U.S. military involvement in Vietnam
B) the assassination of President John F. Kennedy
C) the congressional decision to decommission the U.S. Air Force
D) the congressional decision to close the Library of Congress

Accoring to our textbook, pages 654- 656, which was not one of the three characteristic “issues” of American literary modernism?
A) what kind of relationship should serious literature have with its audience?
B) how involved should literature be with social and political struggle?
C) how should authors engate with literary tradition?
D) does popular culture have a place in serious literature?

According to the information on pages 1071 – 1073 in the Norton Anthology, which of the following decades is most commonly associated with social conformity and a complacent acceptance of material wealth as the basis of a good standard of living?
A) 1950s
B) 1960s
C) 1970s
D) 1980s

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