Elements of Poetry Unit

Imagery
Descriptive language poets use to create word pictures or images. Images are enhanced by sensory language, which provides details related to the senses.

Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like the meaning (buzz, fizz, swish, bang)

Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things.

Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”

Personification
When an inanimate object takes on human characteristics

Oxymoron
Two seemingly opposite words juxta-positioned (placed) side by side.

Allusion
A comparision which references something famous in art, literature, music, history, or culture.

Paradox
A contradictory or obviously untrue statement, which resolves itself upon later inspection.

Irony
An incongruity or discordance that goes strikingly beyond the most simple and evident meaning of words or actions.

Denotation
Dictionary definition of a word

Connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests. In poetry, it refers to how the poet manipulates words.

Shift
A change in tone, topic or form, etc.

Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds

Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds

Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds

End Rhyme
Exact rhyme at the end of a phrase

Slant or Half rhyme
Rhyming sounds are similar but not identical

Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

Dramatic poetry
A type of poetry utilizing the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet

Narrative poetry
A poem that tells a story

Lyric poetry
A poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings

Couplet
2 line stanza

Tercet
3 line stanza

Quatrain
4 line stanza

Sestet
6 line stanza

Stanza
A group of lines in a poem

Free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Rhyme
Repetition of sound

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