Elements of Poetry – Scavenger Hunt

Lines
poets write this way and these may or may not be in sentences

Stanza
a group of lines

Speaker
the voice, in a poem, that talks to the reader. The speaker and the poet are not always the same person

Imagery
the use of words that appeal to the senses (see, hear, taste, touch, smell)

Theme
the writer’s message about life, sometimes not easy to understand and you must reread the poem several times. A poem is created to express an idea, feeling, or experience

Symbols
the use of objects sometimes to represent ideas, etc.

Figure of Speech
a group of words that does not mean exactly what is says

Simile
compares two unlike things that have something in common using the words “like” or “as”

Metaphor
compares two unlike things that have something in common by saying one thing is the other

Personification
used to give human qualities to something nonhuman

Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration

Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together

Onomatopoeia
used to describe words that make sounds

Repetition / Refrain
used to create rhythm. A repeated word, phrase, or group of lines in a poem, song, or speech

Sensory Words
describe things that can be felt, heard, seen, tasted, or smelled

Rhyme
words that sound alike at the end (bear, scare, wear, etc…)

Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem. The use of letters of the alphabet to mark rhyme scheme in a poem (abab, abcab, abba, etc…)

Meter
the beat or rhythm of a poem

Free Verse
poetry sounds like regular speech. It has no regular pattern of rhyme, rhythm, or line length

Dialect
a spoken language that is different from standard English

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