Genetic engineering is when gene structures are changed using scientific skills. This can also be used to cure some illnesses that are genetic, for example cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy and sickle-cell anaemia, which affect a large number of people. Genetic engineering may be able to prevent or cure these conditions .
Although many people may think that this is a good idea, some religious people may disagree as it could be considered as ‘playing God’.
Genetic engineering can alter human characteristics, such as making babies healthier and stronger than they would be if they were conceived naturally. This can be seen as unfair to other children who have not been genetically modified and could give them an unfair advantage. Even though the embryos have been genetically modified, they still belong to the parents, they have just taken the best qualities from them both. But is this placing too much power in the hands of the scientists?
Catholics believe that it is wrong to create a perfect world ” who are we to straighten what god has made crooked” God has created genetic makeup so they think that we have no right to change that. Catholics think that life begins at conception and by creating the perfect baby, it destroys embryos and this is seen as being no different from abortion. In the catholic religion, the main purpose of marriage is to have children but if science were used instead of sex and natural causes then this would be going against that reason.
Although some Christians are against genetically modifying babies, there are some that are in favour of it. Genetic engineering can be used for good causes, for example curing diseases and making sure that the baby will not be terminally ill, and this goes with their religion, as god was a healer. Some Christians believe that to help god we should make the world a better place, but would making everybody perfect make the world a better place?
The Muslim religion says that god has made the genetic makeup of every person and only god can change it. This again is talking about playing god and placing power in the hands of the doctor. For Muslims, acting god is called “the sin of shirk” and is unforgivable, embryo research is the same as abortion in Muslim terms as they think that life beins at fertilization meaning the embryo is now a living human being. They believe that you should be created in the way that God wanted you to be and that should not be changed.
Muslims in favour of genetic engeneering, like some Christians, believe that it can be a good think when used to are illnesses. Although they think that it is not right to produce perfect humans. They are taught to do all they can to help to are diseases and by doing this they can make it possible according to embryos cannot be considered as being alive until they are 14 days old, therefore it would not be killing them.
Genetic engineering can be either agreed with or disagreed with in different religions. A lot of religions agree that by doing this it is like playing god and giving the doctor too much power. I think that these religious views are valuable because some of the ideas make sense, e.g saying that it is wrong to use embryos for experimenting with. I agree that it is good to use it to treat illnesses though.
I believe that changing the way a person looks is not natural, although I think preventing illnesses is a good idea. There is a change that the use of this thechnology could backfire and as a result of that we could be left with mutations and frakenstien like babies also what say has the child got in this? What if they are not happy with the way they look and would rather have been created naturally if a miscarriage were to occure, would that not be a waste of time and money? The idea of creating children that are born smart is artificial intelligence in a way and if everyone was so clever then who would be left to do the jobs, with low payment and don’t require high qualifications.