This is either the topic or the main idea of the poem. sometimes the main idea is clearly stated.
sometimes the speaker is the poet,but often the poet writes in the voice of the another person
A symbol is a material thing that represents another thing or idea
A methaphor is a type of symbol. it describes something by it comparing to something else (without use like or as)
Images in poetry are mental pictures in words, there are five types of imagenes: sound, sight, touch, smell, and taste.
Good poems often have a bit of juxtaposition sometimes surprising such as two ideas or words that you don’t expect to see side by side.
sometimes part of a poems is ambiguous, in other words you can´t completly understand it, or it’s posible to interpret it in different ways. If too much is ambiguous, you can’t undertand the poem.