Creative Writing, Poetry Unit

diction
word choice

denotative
literal meaning of the word

connotative
figurative meaning, as well as overtones and nuances that a word or phrase suggests

implications
layers that lie beneath the surface,

tone
poems attitude towards the subject

cliches
stale, familiar words, phrases, and metaphors

obscurity
unclear

ambiguity
poem’s ability to offer more than one plausible reading at a time

personification
treating something inanimate as if it had the qualities of a person

English Sonnet

couplet
two rhyming lines

meter
measurement; poet makes a measure of a beat

syllable-stress

foot

iamb

iambic

monometer
a line consisting of one foot (one metrical unit)

diameter
a line of two feet

substitution
another kind of foot replaces the an iamb in a line

Trochee (trochaic)
stressed syllable followed by unstressed syllable: TUM te; as this foot is just an inverted iamb, it is sometimes called an inversion.

Spondee (spondaic)
two stressed syllables together: TUM TUM.

Pyrrhic
two unstressed syllables: te te; usually appears with a spondee.

Anapest (anapestic)
two unstressed

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