Chapter 26

Which of the following statements describes television in the United States during the late 1940s and 1950s?

A. The television industry was subsidized by the US government
B. Television actually stimulated movie attendance through the use of advertising
C. The emergence of television contributed powerfully to the diversity of Amercan culture
D. It transformed American culture as much as the automobile had in the 1920s

Which of the following statements describes women and their relationship to work and family life in the postwar decades?

A. Prosperity allowed even working-class women to devote themselves solely to domesticity
B. Most “women’s jobs” were in teaching, nursing, or the service sector
C. Most women who felt the desire for a career sought therapy in search of a cure
D. Few married, middle-class women worked outside the home until the 1970s

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Which of the following job categories grew explosively in the US in the 1950s and came to symbolize the era?

A. Independent entrepreneurs
B. Blue-collar workers
C. White-collar managers
D. Unskilled laborers

In the 1950s, most Puerto Rican immigrants settled in

A. Chicago
B. New York
C. Miami
D. Kansas City

Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin are both associated with

A. the polio vaccine
B. television
C. cultural dissent
D. the civil rights movement

Which of the following phenomena served as an engine of postwar economic growth?

A. Radio and print media advertising
B. Spending on national security
C. Television
D. The civil rights and feminist movements

The term restrictive covenants during this period generally refers to

A. the promise of GI mortgages to veterans
B. Federal Housing Authority contracts
C. the CIO campaign for higher wages
D. prohibitions on black residents in some communities

The great resurgence of evangelical religion in 1950s America was most evident in the dramatic rise in popularity of

A. Fulton J Sheen
B. Norman Vincent Peale
C. Billy Graham
D. Billy Sunday

Which of the following became a symbol of the postwar housing boom in the US

A. Levittown
B. Urban renewal
C. The Sunbelt
D. The slogan “half down and ten years to pay”

Which of the following paris are correctly matched?

A. Allen Ginsberg-author of a groundbreaking study on sex in America
B. Hugh Hefner-founder of Playboy magazine
C. Alfred Kinsley-prominent gay activist in the 1950s
D. Del Martin-famous Beat author and poet

Record sales boomed in the United States during the 1950s because of

A. the timeless appeal of Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby
B. a resurgence in the popularity of swing and big band music
C. the golden age of Broadway musicals, including Camelot and South Pacific
D. the emergence of rock n roll as a popular new musical genre

The ideal family, as presented in the media of the 1950s, with a stay-at-home mom and a father as the breadwinner, was

A. an accurate representation of American life
B. true only for urban family life
C. not representative of divers American culture
D. undermined by government tax plicies

An unexpected result of building the interstate highway system was that it

A. precipitated the decay of American urban areas
B. revealed and exaggerated regional differences
C. hurt the petroleum industry as Americans traveled less by air and rail
D. created a problem in the real estate industry

Which of the following describes the famous kitchen debate of 1959?

A. Nixon argued that the United States was technologically superior to the USSR in almost every area
B. Khrushchev was greatly impressed and envious of the new American consumer appliances
C. Nixon and Khrushchev each agreed that the US and USSR were technological and military equals.
D. It settled no greater political purpose, but it revealed the commercialism of the postwar American dream

Which of the following phenomena served as a major engine for consumption in the United States during the 1950s?

A. Urban revitalization
B. Rural electification
C. the baby boom
D. the space race

The space race began after

A. the Soviet Union exploded its first nuclear device
B. President Eisenhower signed the Outer Space Exploration Act
C. Americans learned that the Soviet union had launched the first space satellite
D. JFK called for the US to put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s

Which of the following describes Alan Freed, who made his mark on American culture in the 1950s?

A. It was the real name of the early rock star Buddy Holly
B. He introduced Elvis Presley to the American public on his popular television program in 1956
C. His Cleveland radio show introduced white America to black music
D. Freed discovered Elvis’s talent and gave him his first major recording contract

Which of the following describes the urban renewal projects that took place in US cities in the 1950s?

A. Urban residents strongly supported the projects, which provided new, modern housing
B. Urban renewal projects promoted racial integration in segregated neighborhoods
C. The federal government funded and undertook such projects over the protests of state and city governments
D. Urban renewal efforts coincided with an increase in cities’ black, Latino, and Native American populations

Which of the following factors spurred congressional approval of the Interstate Highway Act?

A. The destruction of the mass-transit systems
B. The New Deal
C. The Fair Deal
D. The Cold War

Beginning in the 1960s, the influx of Cuban refugees rapidly changed the character of

A. New York City
B. Los Angeles
C. Denver
D. Miami

The GI Bill (1944) stimulated the American economy by

A. granting specialized legal protections to labor unions founded by veterans
B. giving each state directly millions of dollars to build new public universities
C. subsidizing higher education and financing millions of mortgages
D. allowing unemployed veterans to rejoin the military for pay at any time

The broadly based postwar labor-management accord brought

A. declining market share for American industry
B. a permanent peace between labor and management
C. a general acceptance of collective bragaining
D. movement of businesses overseas, where labor was inexpensive

Which of the following statements describes post WWII America?

A. City life flourished at the expense of the suburbs
B. Americans enjoyed the highest standard of living in the world
C. Suburbs welcomed blacks and Latinos
D. Consensus replaced youthful rebelliousness

Which of the following was an impetus for the post WWII baby boom?

A. The Roman Catholic Church’s successful stand against birth control
B. The declining average age of marriage for women and men
C. Government incentives, chiefly tax credits to families
D. Increased welfare payments to mothers with dpendent children

Which of the following statements chharacterizes the pressure felt by middle-class American women during the 1950s?

A. Cultural messages indicated that domesticity should be women’s highest priority
B. Prominent experts claimed that “well-adjusted” women could handle jobs and motherhood
C. The media stressed the importance of women’s financial contributions to their families
D. Television preachers stressed that unhappy housewives should repent for their “materialistic sins”


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