Ancient Music

A collection of hymns from India
Samaveda

A French cave that has red dots on the ceiling of the cave to note these special acoustic spots in the cave.
Pech Merle

The addition of a second voice, sung in tandem, to Gregorian chants.
Organum

Signs written above the chant words to indicate where the voices should rise and where they should fall in tone.
Neumes

A written discourse on the performing arts, including music, dance, stage performances, and so on
Natya Shastra

Included poems that were accompanied by instrumental music, often from a lyre
Lyric poetry

Refers to a set of fragmentary relics as well as a nearly complete example of notated music from around 1400 BCE.
Hurrian song

Lived from 1300 to 1377. Both a poet and composer, he wrote over one hundred songs and was one of the first to write polyphonic music
Guillaume de Machaut

Often sung by male choirs and the music is still used for worship today
Gregorian chants

Found in Slovenia, it appears to date to about 50,000 years ago
Divje Babe flute

Polyphonic music; was similar to an organum, but the speed of the song was quicker
Conductus

Also known as plainsong; a type of monophonic sacred music
Chants

A musical form that became popular in the late medieval period, it featured multiple voices with a complex rhythm
Ars Nova

The use of archaeological techniques in the study of music.
Archaeomusicology

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