Alliteration

Alliteration
Use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line or verse

Apostrophe
a figure of speech in which someone absent/dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive, present and was able to reply

Assonance
resemblance of sounds, rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words, vowel rhyme

Connotation
something suggested by a word or thing, implication

Consonance
the repetition, at close intervals, of the final consonants of accented syllables or important words, especially at the ends of words

Couplet
a pair of successive lines of verse, espcially a pair that rhyme and are of the same length

Denotation
the direct, literal meaning of a word, definition straight from a dictionary

Diction
style of speaking or writing that is dependent on choice of words, especially with regard to correctness, clearness, and effectiveness

Elegy
a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem; a funeral song or lament for the dead

emjambment
carrying on of sense from one line to another, the running over a sentence from one line of a verse into the next

Hyperbole
extravasation exaggeration; type of figurative language used for international overstatement

Imagery
figurative or descriptive language used to prevoke the readers senses

Octave
ABBA, ABBA; 8 line poem, often part of a sonnet

Onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate the sound it represents

Paradox
a statement that is seemingly self contradictory or absurd, contains same initially hidden meaning

Pastoral
type of poetry that depicts rural life in a peaceful idealized way

Quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines usually with alternate rhyme; four types of patterns: AABB, ABAB, ABBA, ABCB

Sestet
a group of six lines of poetry, especially the last six lines of a sonnet, a poem or stanza containing six lines

Slant Rhyme
the lines of a poem do not quite rhyme, but the end sound, whether consonant or vowel, or the words are always the same

Sonnet
1st 8-major, 2nd 6-minor; expressive of a single thought,

Speaker
the voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem; often created and not always poet; like narrators of a story from the point of view of the story

Tone
attitude of the author towards something or someone, which is then shown in the literature; created by the writer’s style such as word choice and escriptions

Dramatic Monologue
poetic form in which a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation

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