All poetry terms:

narrative
a poem that tells a story

lyric (lyrical)
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea or describes a scene

symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also respresents something else, an idea

dramatic poems
a poem written to be performed on a stage with a cast of actors. Examples are William Shakespeare’s plays.

ode
is a serious lyric of elaborate praise or strong emotion for the subject. A lyric poem with complex stanza forms

elegy
a poem that meditates on life and death

speaker
the narrator of a poem

concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

fable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)

parable
a simple story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson

atmosphere
the mood or feeling evoked by the story

characterization
how the character’s personality is revealed

conflict
the opposition of two forces or characters (there is external conflict and internal conflict)

denouement
the unraveling of the plot, the clarification of unknown items, or the solution of a mystery

dialect
the way of speaking that is peculiar to a locality, religion, or a group

dialogue
conversation

exposition
a summary of background information on the characters that is presented as it happens

flashback
a movement in time from the present back to former time to provide background information

hero
the main character; protagonist

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

mood
the atmosphere or feeling

motivation
the internal factors that cause a character to act in a particular way

narrator
the character telling the story

pun
a word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor

point of view
the perspective from which the story is told

protagonist
main character, struggels toward or for someone or something

resolution
the story ends, problems are solved

rising action
events leading to the climax, dramatic complications

satire
a form of irony that makes fun of the faults of people with the best interests of society in mind

setting
time/place

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
a poetry with 14 lines written in iambic pentameter

paraphrasing
rewrite the poem in a way to help you understand the meaning

explication
attempts to understand the theme of a poem and then to explain how all the elements contribute to the whole

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

Haiku
Japanese poem form, has three lines of five, seven, and five syllabus (seventeen syllables in all)

Ballad
a song or songlike poem that rhymes

limerick
a humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba

parody
an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.

What is a free verse (or open form verse) Poetry?
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern

Shakespearean sonnet
a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme

villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.

terza rima
an Italian form of iambic verse consisting of eleven-syllable lines arranged in tercets, the middle line of each tercet rhyming with the first and last lines of the following tercet.

parallelism
an arrangement of the parts of a composition so that elements of equal importance are balanced in construction

foreshadowing
using hints or clues to suggest what will happen later; builds suspense

metonymy
word represents something else which it suggests, example= a ‘herd’ of cows referred to as fifty ‘head’; head represents herd

idiom
an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression

antagonist
character struggles against someone or something- man against himself; man against man, man against society; man against nature

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line, sometimes called feminine rhyme

approximate rhyme
imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme

feminine rhyme
a rhyme of 2 syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as “waken” and “forsaken” and “audition” and “rendition”. Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme or internal rhyme.

true rhyme
when their ending, or terminal sounds are the same. Example: match and catch

slant rhyme
when the sounds are close, but not exact. Example: loom, moon

theme
the poem’s main idea or subject, the central meaning behind the story

sibilant
a consonant characterized by a hissing sound (like s or sh)

couplet
a two line stanza, or two rhyming lines that express a complete thought

meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

What are 4 things that a rhythm can be created by?
meter, rhyme, alliteration, and refrain

refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

iambic meter
the sentence has a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable- everyday speech follows this pattern.

trochaic meter
the pattern of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one

What is an example of an iambic meter?
“To be or not to be” by Hamlet’s speech, “Come live with me and be my love” by Marlowe.

dactylic meter
the pattern of a stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables

anapestic meter
2 unstressed (unaccented) syllables followed by a stressed (accented) one

imagery (sensory)
language that appeals to our five senses of sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste

analogy
another type of imagery, way for poets to present their ideas to us in something of a concrete and shorthand way

similie
a metaphor that compares two things using like, as, than, or resembles

metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things. Examples= I think the sun is a flower that blooms for just one hour

extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work

implied metaphor
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated

personification
something non-human given human characterists (human characterists to animals or inanimate objects)

tone
a manner of expression showing the attitude of the story, a feeling

hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis

paradox
(logic) a self-contradiction. That when we live no more, we may live ever- a situation where she and her loved one are both alive and dead. No one can be both alive and dead, so this is a paradox

apostrophe
a direct address to a person, thing, or abstraction. They are generally capitalized.

irony
conflict between appearance and reality; Romeo & Juliet- audience knows she is sleeping, but Romeo thinks she is dead

synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa (the whole for a part)

The length of the line
The difference between prose and poetry

enjambment
the running of one line of poetry into the next without a break for the rhyme or syntax

stanza
a group of lines arranged together

line
A group of words on one line of a poem

alliteration
repetition of consonant sound at the beginnings of words- initial or internal -in the middle of words

assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry

onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name

rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters to indicate which lines rhyme. It is the pattern of end rhymes or lines

allusion
a reference in a literary work to a character or them found in another literary work

climax
the moment in the story when the conflict reaches its highest point of tension

consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

litotes
understatement for effect

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