7th Grade Poetry

Stanzas
Lines of poetry that is grouped into verses.

Metaphor
Describes one thing as if it were something else

Personification
Gives human qualities to something that is not human

Similes
Use “like or as” to compare two unlike things

Symbol
Anything that represents something else

Alliteration
The repetition of constant sounds in the beginning of words, phrases, and rhymes

Repetition
The repeated use of words, phrases, and rhythms

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in “blaze and maze”

Consonance
The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in “wind and sand”

Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds. Examples: Crash, bang, meow, hiss

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at
the ends of words, as in speech and teach

Meter
The rhythmical pattern in a poem

Imagery
A word of phrase that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses

Narrative
Tells a story in a verse

Haiku
A 3 line Japanese verse form. The 1st and 3rd lines have 5 syllables, and the 2nd line has 7 syllables.

Free Verse
Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has not regular meter, rhyme, length, or pattern

Lyric
Poetry that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse

Concrete
Poems that are shaped to look like their subject

Ballads
A song-like poem that tells a story, often dealing with adventure and romance

Limericks
A humorous, rhyming 5-line poem with a specific rhythm, pattern, and rhyme scheme

Sonnet
A poem of 14 lines usually with a fixed scheme

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