7th Grade Poetry Test

traditional poetry
follows a strict pattern of rhythm and rhyme

free verse poem
creates its own form

clerihew
a four line poem about a celebrity, rhyme scheme is aabb

limerick
a humorous 5 line poem; lines 3 and 4 are shorter; rhyme scheme is aabba

senyru
written in haiku form, “haiku with attitude”, about human nature

cinquain
a 5 line poem that gradually increases the number of syllables in each line, until the last line, which returns to two syllable

tanka
a 5 line poem that has 31 syllables (5-7-5-7-7); looks like a haiku

simile
compares two unlike things using like or as

metaphor
compares two unlike things not using like or as

personification
gives human characteristics to something that is non human

hyperbole
an exaggerated statement, often humorous

alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds anywhere in words

consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds anywhere in words

onomatopeoeia
the use of words that sound like what they name

repetition
uses the same word or phrase more than once, for emphasis or for rhythm

rhyme
means using words whose endings sound alike

rhythm
makes the poem flow from one idea to the next

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