6th Grade Poetry Unit Vocabulary

Prose
The ordinary form of spoken or written language. Most everyday writing is in this form.

Traditional poems
Follow fixed rules.

Fixed Rules
Stanzas, Lines, Rhyme, etc.

Unconventional
These poems do not follow the rules of form. (Free Verse) (Can have rhyme and rhyme scheme) (Dr.Seuss)

Form
repetition, rhyme. stanzas, shape, syllables, patterns, etc.

Limerick
An upbeat, happy, traditional, joke, poem. Has an AABBA rhyme scheme.

Narrative
Poetry that tells a story, often making use of the voices of a narrator and characters as well. Told in 3rd person.

Sonnet
A poem of fourteen lines, usually in blank verse, that has one of two regular rhyme schemes. Uses detailed language. (Thy, thou)

Haiku
Expresses a single feeling or impression and contains three lines of five, seven, and five syllables. (Does not rhyme!)

Lyrical
A type of emotional song like poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry.

Acrostic
Where the first letters of each line spell out the word or phrase.

Couplets
Poems with two lines that rhyme and have the same flow.

Diamante
A poem that makes the shape of a _____ The poem can be used in two ways, either comparing and contrasting two different subjects.

Concrete
Poetry in which the meaning or effect is conveyed partly or wholly by visual means, using patterns of words or letters to form a picture of the subject.

Sound
set the mood…
create emotion
hint at something unknown
signal an event
create/disrupt rhythm

Repetition
The use of a word, phrase, or line more than once.

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of words.

Rhyme scheme
A pattern of end rhymes in a poem.

Rhythm
The pattern of stressed (` ) and unstressed syllables in each line.

Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds echo their meanings

Setting
Impacts mood, when determining setting, look for clues about time period and place

Speaker
Is ALWAYS a character/person who is talking in a poem. The speaker is NOT the poet. The speaker will not always be directed.

TP-CASTT
Title, Paraphrase, Connotation, Shifts, Title, and Theme.

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