5th Grade Poetry Unit

Metaphor
Compares two things by presenting them as being almost identical

Limerick
Silly or nonsensical rhymes; the first, second and fifth lines have to rhyme

Haiku
Started in Japan; 1700s; the first line and the third line have to have five syllables, and the second line has seven syllables

Invented Words
Words that are made up by the poet

Free Verse
When a poem is written without a pattern or rhyme

Nonsense Poems
Poems that have silly rhymes that don’t always make sense, to entertain the reader

Repitition
When a poet uses the same word more than once in a line or poem

Rhyming Verse
When words end with the same sound

Traditional Poetry
The authors of these are unknown; passed down to generation to generation

Stanza
A group of lines in a poem, usually related to each other; poem paragraph

Simile
It compares one thing to another; using like or as

Onomatopoeia
When a word sounds like the noise or sound that it stand for it ex. BOOM

Personification
When a writer describes something that is not human, as having qualities, or capabilities, that are human

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