32 Poetry Terms: Master List (5/13)

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words: “her hardest hue to hold” “h”
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
A comparison using “like” or “as”

“The men silent as mimes in a mirror”

a figure of speech comparing two different things
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

“The sun, free to fly in, flung/ a carpet of,light on the floor.”

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A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Language that appeals to the senses
Sound devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia – gives poetry a musical quality
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

“her pale face stayed, played in that space”

Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity. “little, bit of butter”
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
“Come on, the world will turn faster,/ Come on, the world will follow after.”
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, creating flow and beat
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
A group of words together as one unit, indicated by a break
A group of lines in a poem.
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
4 line stanza
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Lyric poetry
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Narrative poetry
A poem that tells a story “The Fish”
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.

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