32 Poetry Terms: Master List (5/13)

Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words: “her hardest hue to hold” “h”
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
Simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”

“The men silent as mimes in a mirror”

metaphor
a figure of speech comparing two different things
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

“The sun, free to fly in, flung/ a carpet of,light on the floor.”

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Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses
Sound devices
elements such as rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, and onomatopoeia – gives poetry a musical quality
Rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

“her pale face stayed, played in that space”

Consonance
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity. “little, bit of butter”
Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound it represents
Slant rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact.
“Come on, the world will turn faster,/ Come on, the world will follow after.”
Rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, creating flow and beat
Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Line
A group of words together as one unit, indicated by a break
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem.
Couplet
A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
Quatrain
4 line stanza
Refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Lyric poetry
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Narrative poetry
A poem that tells a story “The Fish”
Ode
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.
Ballad
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
Tone
A writer’s attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Mood
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.

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