1920s Vocabulary

Bootlegger
a person who smuggled alcoholic beverages into the United States during prohibition

Speakeasy
a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition

Fundamentalism
a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true

Flapper
one of the free-thinking young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s

Double Standard
a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women

Charles Lindbergh
an American aviator, engineer, and Pulitzer Prize winner. He was famous for flying solo across the Atlantic, paving the way for future aviational development.

George Gershwin
famous concert music composer who merged traditional elements with American jazz, thus creating a new sound that was identifiably American

Georgia O’Keeffe
famous painter who produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York; American artist that painted flowers and landscapes during the great depression.

Sinclair Lewis
the first American to win a Nobel Prize in literature, among the era’s most outspoken critics. Author of the novel “Babbit”, which used that main character of George F. Babbit to ridicule Americans for their conformity and materialism

F. Scott Fitzgerald
coined the term “Jazz Age” to describe the 1920s. Author of “This Side of Paradise” and “The Great Gatsby,” which revealed the negative side of the period’s gaiety and freedom. They portrayed wealthy and attractive people as leading imperiled lives in gilded surroundings.

Edna St. Vincent Millay
wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints; was reowned for her traditional poetic and her bohemian living. she infused conventioanl forms with a fervent contemporary spirit. in 1923 she was awarded the pulitzer prize for poetry.

Ernest Hemingway
so soured by American culture that they chose to settle in Europe; wounded in World War I, became the best-known expatriate author. Wrote “The Sun Also Rises” and “A Farewell to Arms”; criticized the glorification of war. He also introduced a tough, simplified style of writing that set a new literary standard, using sentences a Time reporter compared to “round stones polished by rain and wind.”

Zora Neale Hurston
struggled to the top of African-American literary society by hard work, flamboyance and grit; , wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God; 20th century African-American writer; folklorist during the Harlem Renaissance

James Weldon Johnson
poet, lawyer and NAACP executive secretary- the organization fought for legislation to protect African-American rights. Spear-headed the fight against lynching. Author of “God’s Trombones” and “Black Manhattan”

Marcus Garvey
an immigrant from Jamaica, believed that African Americans should build a separate society. His radical message of black pride aroused the hopes of many. Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), moved it to NYC. Claimed he had a million followers by the mid-1920s. Appealed to African Americans with a combination of spellbinding oratory, mass meetings, parades, and a message of pride

Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of African-American artistic creativity during the 1920s, centered in the Harlem community of New York City

Claude McKay
a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant- was a major figure whose militant verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination. His poems expressed that pain of life in the black ghettos and the strain of being black in a world dominated by whites.

Langston Hughes
Missouri-born who was the movement’s best known poet. Many of his poems from the 1920s described the difficult lives of working-class African Americans. Some of his poems moved to the tempo of jazz and blues

Paul Robeson
the son of a one-time slave, became a major dramatic actor. His performance in Shakespeare’s Othello was widely acclaimed. Struggled with the racism he experienced in the United States and the indignities inflicted upon him because of his support of the USSR and the Communist Party.

Louis Armstrong
In 1922, joined Oliver’s group (Creole Jazz Band), was a famous trumpet player. His talent rocked him into stardom in the jazz world. Famous for his astounding sense of rhythm and his ability to improvise, made personal expression a key part of jazz. Joined Fletcher Henderson’s band, and went on to become the most important and influential musician in the history of jazz.

Duke Ellington
a jazz pianist and composer who led his ten-piece orchestra at the Cotton Club. Won renown as one of America’s greatest composers, with pieces such as “Mood Indigo” and “Sophisticated Lady.”

Bessie Smith
a female blues singer, the outstanding vocalist of the decade. Recorded on black-oriented labels produced by the major record companies. Achieved enormous popularity and in 1927 became the highest-paid black artist in the world.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

x

Hi!
I'm Gilbert!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out