10th grade poetry terms

lyric poem
expresses a single strong emotion

sonnet
14 line poem

couplet
two lines that rhyme

slant rhyme
near rhyme

rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyme (uses alphabet)

iambic pentameter
rhythm formed by 5 stressed and unstressed feet of syllables

personification
human qualities given to nonliving things

simile
a comparison using like or as

metaphor
direct comparison (not using like or as)

extended metaphor/simile
extends over several lines

implied metaphor/simile
not directly stated

apostrophe
talking directly to something nonliving

free verse
no rhythm, no rhyme

ballad
sing-song rhythm story

blank verse
has rhythm, not rhyme

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

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