1. Slant Rhyme

1. Slant Rhyme
A rhyming sound that is not exact. (follow/fellow and mystery/mastery)

2. Main idea/Author’s
thesis; main point the author is trying to convey

3. Alliteration:
The repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words
that are close together

4. Allegory
a story with two or more meanings—a literal level and one or more
symbolic levels

5. Conflict
a struggle between opposing forces (man vs. man; man vs. himself;
man vs. nature)

.6 Point of view:
the perspective from which a story is told.
-First person: I
-Omniscient third-person: the narrator knows and tells about what many
of the characters think and feel (ex. The story of Rip Van Winkle;
The Devil and Tom Walker)
-limited third-person: the narrator related the inner thoughts and feelings
of only one character, and everything is viewed from this character’s
perspective. (An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge)

7. Foreshadowing
the use of clues to suggest events that have yet to occur

8. Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration, or overstatement, for effect. (He sweated bullets!)

9. Imagery
the descriptive or figurative language used to create a picture in
the reader’s mind

10. Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles. (The fog crept on little cat feet…)

11. Onomatopoeia
The use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its
meaning. (buzz, slither, drip, etc.)

12. Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given
human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes. (The trees
swayed in the breeze.)

13. Refrain
A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated,
for effect, several times in a poem.

14. Oxymoron
a figure of speech in which contradictory ideas or terms
are combined next to each other (thunderous silence;
jumbo shrimp; sweet sorrow, etc.)

15. Setting
time; place; mood (gloomy, light-hearted, etc.)

16. Symbolism
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself
and that also stands for something more than itself.

17. Plot:
sequence of events: exposition, rising action, climax,
falling action, resolution

18. Theme
: the central message, insight, or moral of a work

19. Assonance:
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words that are close together,

20. Tone
20. Tone: the writer’s attitude toward his subject, characters, or audience
(formal or informal; friendly or distant; sarcastic, humorous,)

21. Couplet
Two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry

22. Figurative Language
Language used in poetry and literature that allows the reader to see a picture (by use of simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, etc.)

23. Parallelism
The repetition of grammatical structure to emphasize and to
link related ideas. (Declaration of Independence)

24. Paradox
A statement that appears self-contradictory but that reveals a kind
of truth. (The only constant thing in life is change.)

25. Plagarize
: to take ideas, writings, etc. from another and pass them
off as one’s own by not giving credit to the original author

26. Simile
A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison
between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as,
than, or resembles. (She is as light as a feather.)

27. Stanza:
One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more
lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter,
rhyme, and number of lines. (a ‘paragraph’)

28. Poetic License
The liberty taken by a writer or artist in deviating from
Conventional form or fact to achieve a desired effect.
(ain’t got no….)

29. satire
a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or
institutions in an attempt to bring about a change. (ex. “Rip Van
Winkle”: Irving pokes fun at the

30. Irony
a contrast between what is stated and what is meant, or between
what is expected to happen and what actually happens.

31. Verbal irony
a word or phrase is used to suggest the opposite of its
usual meaning.

32. dramatic irony-
there is a contradiction between what a character thinks
and what the reader or audience knows.

33. situational irony-
an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of
the characters, of the reader, or of the audience

34. pun
a ‘play on words’ based on similar spelling or multiple meaning
of the same word; often used for humor (examples: I tried to learn
how to drive a stick shift but couldn’t locate the manual.; The student
was an aggressive learner – he hit the books. )

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